Receiving the Davidic Mantle
1 Samuel 17
Introduction: In this session we continue our series Receiving the David Mantle. This morning we are going to learn how to defeat the enemies of fear and intimidation in our lives, by looking at the account of David’s defeat of Goliath.
We will also receive keys for defeating spiritual strongholds in our lives and learn that one victory of faith in our lives can be the open door to empower many to gain confidence and experience the same victory in their lives.
1 Samuel 17:4-7
a) Goliath – Hebrew – Splendor – From Gath – Hebrew – Winepress – The giants we face come from the winepress. A winepress in Scripture is symbolic of the place of testing and trial. Goliath was the splendor of the winepress; He is an example of the intimidation of the enemy in our lives and represents the challenges we face as move out in faith.
b) Goliath is presented to us a man who seemed impossible to defeat in the natural. To Israel, he was terrifying. 1 Samuel 13:19-22 tells us that Israel was deprived of weapons because the Philistines disarmed them by not allowing blacksmiths to forge weapons for them. It is a strategy of the enemy to disarm the people of God by discouraging them with lack and intimidation.
1 Samuel 17:8-11
a) Goliath used the language of intimidation and lies. He called them the servants of Saul. They were actually the servants of the Lord because the Israelites were in Covenant with God.
b) It is a satanic and demonic strategy to use lies about our identity to strike fear in our hearts. Fear robs us of destiny, identity and paralyzes our faith in God.
1 Samuel 17:16
a) 40 days represents the fullness of testing, and challenges. David is introduced to us in the narrative on the 40th day.
b) Noah, Moses, Jesus all experienced 40 day experiences that launched them into their destinies. Jesus defeated the devil after being tested for 40 days. Jesus was the first man that the devil met, who never sinned under the pressure of temptation.
c) The 40th day is the day of the breakthrough.
d) Morning and evening are mentioned here because in the morning we set the course of our day and in the evening we set the course of our rest. Goliath being empowered by the enemy was robbing God’s people of hope and rest.
1 Samuel 17:26
a) David asks what will be done for the one who defeats the Philistine. There is always a great reward for those who move in faith and have confidence in the Lord.
b) David calls Goliath an uncircumcised Philistine. The thought here is that Goliath was out of Covenant with God. David understood the identity of God’s people empowered them because they were connected to the God of all, who is all powerful and will not be defeated. If we are in covenant with this God, how could any of us worry about the threats of the enemy?
1 Samuel 17:28
a) Eliab is the voice of discouragement to David. Eliab knew David had been anointed by the Lord to be king. The Scripture said that the Spirit of God was on David. We see 2 things here; the un-anointed criticize those whose have the Spirit of God resting on them, and confidence in God is attacked by those who lack confidence in God, and they are mistakenly called conceited. Hebrew – ZADOWN – pride, insolence, presumptuousness, arrogance
b) The religious spirit despises those who are hungry, thirsty and confident in the love of God and believe His Word.
1 Samuel 17:31-33
a) 1 Corinthians 1:27-30 says that the Lord chooses the foolish things of the world to shame the wise. David did not fit the stereotype of the warrior or man of war, and certainly did not look like a formidable match for Goliath.
1 Samuel 17:34-37
a) David learned to fight the 2 most terrifying animals in the ancient world in the place of intimacy with God. David’s backside of the mountain season trained him to slay a formidable foe. Jesus, the most courageous and brave man that ever lived, defeated the religious persecutors; Jesus defeated death and Hades because He knew the Father and was confident in His love. Jesus was God in the flesh, however, He still needed to relate to the Father in the place of prayer and revelation.
b) The secret place with God is where courage for life is forged.
1 Samuel 17:38-40
a) Saul gave David his armor. Saul being rejected by God, and full of evil intent saw an opportunity for himself to be glorified if David slayed the giant in his armor.
b) We can go and displace giants with other people’s identities and anointing’s.
c) David went in the fullness of who he was, and moved in grace. 5 being the number of grace in Scripture, shows that we accomplish great things when we move in grace. The 5 stones represent the fullness of grace. Jesus Christ is the Stone the builders rejected, and has become the Capstone of victory and grace.
1 Samuel 17:41-47
a) Goliath continued to use the language of intimidation and fear to rob David of confidence in God. Goliath despised David because he appeared to be weak and incapable of being a formidable fighter against Goliath.
b) The Lord uses His Church that is full of those who seem weak and unimpressive to expand the Kingdom of God and bring humiliating defeat to the devil and his inferior dominion. The very ones that were defeated in Eden, become the very ones who defeat them by their testimonies.
c) The battle is the Lord’s. God sees and works deliverance and victory for His people. Jesus won the greatest battle of all when He triumphed by the Cross.
d) In David we see the foreshadowing of Messiah. Jesus did not come in glory, and did not appear to be the King of Kings. However Jesus defeated the biggest enemy, Satan, on the cross, and delivered the biggest defeat of one who empowers giants.
1 Samuel 17:48-51
a) David partnered with God and killed Goliath. The forehead, symbolizes the intellect of man. God’s enemies are defeated by the knowledge of God being displayed in His people.
b) One act of bravery and victory empowers others to do great things for the Lord. David’s defeat of Goliath released the faith in Israel’s army to overcome fear and defeat their enemy. 1 Chronicles 20:4-8 gives the account of others in Israel who slayed the remaining giants of Gath.
c) One breakthrough can be the opening for many others accomplish great works for the Lord.