Recieving the Davidic Mantle – Week 2 – 1 Samuel 17

Receiving the Davidic Mantle

Week 2 

1 Samuel 17

Rob Covell  

Introduction:  In this session we continue our series Receiving the David Mantle. This morning we are going to learn how to defeat the enemies of fear and intimidation in our lives, by looking at the account of David’s defeat of Goliath.
We will also receive keys for defeating spiritual strongholds in our lives and learn that one victory of faith in our lives can be the open door to empower many to gain confidence and experience the same victory in their lives.

1 Samuel 17:4-7

a) Goliath – Hebrew – Splendor – From Gath – Hebrew – Winepress – The giants we face come from the winepress. A winepress in Scripture is symbolic of the place of testing and trial. Goliath was the splendor of the winepress; He is an example of the intimidation of the enemy in our lives and represents the challenges we face as move out in faith.

b) Goliath is presented to us a man who seemed impossible to defeat in the natural. To Israel, he was terrifying. 1 Samuel 13:19-22 tells us that Israel was deprived of weapons because the Philistines disarmed them by not allowing blacksmiths to forge weapons for them. It is a strategy of the enemy to disarm the people of God by discouraging them with lack and intimidation.

1 Samuel 17:8-11 

a) Goliath used the language of intimidation and lies. He called them the servants of Saul. They were actually the servants of the Lord because the Israelites were in Covenant with God.

b) It is a satanic and demonic strategy to use lies about our identity to strike fear in our hearts. Fear robs us of destiny, identity and paralyzes our faith in God.

1 Samuel 17:16

a) 40 days represents the fullness of testing, and challenges. David is introduced to us in the narrative on the 40th day.

b) Noah, Moses, Jesus all experienced 40 day experiences that launched them into their destinies. Jesus defeated the devil after being tested for 40 days. Jesus was the first man that the devil met, who never sinned under the pressure of temptation.

c) The 40th day is the day of the breakthrough.

d) Morning and evening are mentioned here because in the morning we set the course of our day and in the evening we set the course of our rest. Goliath being empowered by the enemy was robbing God’s people of hope and rest.

1 Samuel 17:26

a) David asks what will be done for the one who defeats the Philistine. There is always a great reward for those who move in faith and have confidence in the Lord.

b) David calls Goliath an uncircumcised Philistine. The thought here is that Goliath was out of Covenant with God. David understood the identity of God’s people empowered them because they were connected to the God of all, who is all powerful and will not be defeated. If we are in covenant with this God, how could any of us worry about the threats of the enemy?

1 Samuel 17:28

a) Eliab is the voice of discouragement to David. Eliab knew David had been anointed by the Lord to be king. The Scripture said that the Spirit of God was on David. We see 2 things here; the un-anointed criticize those whose have the Spirit of God resting on them, and confidence in God is attacked by those who lack confidence in God, and they are mistakenly called conceited. Hebrew – ZADOWN – pride, insolence, presumptuousness, arrogance

b) The religious spirit despises those who are hungry, thirsty and confident in the love of God and believe His Word.

1 Samuel 17:31-33

a) 1 Corinthians 1:27-30 says that the Lord chooses the foolish things of the world to shame the wise. David did not fit the stereotype of the warrior or man of war, and certainly did not look like a formidable match for Goliath.

1 Samuel 17:34-37

a) David learned to fight the 2 most terrifying animals in the ancient world in the place of intimacy with God. David’s backside of the mountain season trained him to slay a formidable foe. Jesus, the most courageous and brave man that ever lived, defeated the religious persecutors; Jesus defeated death and Hades because He knew the Father and was confident in His love. Jesus was God in the flesh, however, He still needed to relate to the Father in the place of prayer and revelation.

b) The secret place with God is where courage for life is forged.

1 Samuel 17:38-40 

a) Saul gave David his armor. Saul being rejected by God, and full of evil intent saw an opportunity for himself to be glorified if David slayed the giant in his armor.

b) We can go and displace giants with other people’s identities and anointing’s.

c) David went in the fullness of who he was, and moved in grace. 5 being the number of grace in Scripture, shows that we accomplish great things when we move in grace. The 5 stones represent the fullness of grace. Jesus Christ is the Stone the builders rejected, and has become the Capstone of victory and grace.

1 Samuel 17:41-47

a) Goliath continued to use the language of intimidation and fear to rob David of confidence in God. Goliath despised David because he appeared to be weak and incapable of being a formidable fighter against Goliath.

b) The Lord uses His Church that is full of those who seem weak and unimpressive to expand the Kingdom of God and bring humiliating defeat to the devil and his inferior dominion. The very ones that were defeated in Eden, become the very ones who defeat them by their testimonies.

c) The battle is the Lord’s. God sees and works deliverance and victory for His people. Jesus won the greatest battle of all when He triumphed by the Cross.

d) In David we see the foreshadowing of Messiah. Jesus did not come in glory, and did not appear to be the King of Kings. However Jesus defeated the biggest enemy, Satan, on the cross, and delivered the biggest defeat of one who empowers giants.

1 Samuel 17:48-51 

a) David partnered with God and killed Goliath. The forehead, symbolizes the intellect of man. God’s enemies are defeated by the knowledge of God being displayed in His people.

b) One act of bravery and victory empowers others to do great things for the Lord. David’s defeat of Goliath released the faith in Israel’s army to overcome fear and defeat their enemy. 1 Chronicles 20:4-8 gives the account of others in Israel who slayed the remaining giants of Gath.

c) One breakthrough can be the opening for many others accomplish great works for the Lord.


The Revelation of Hope – Week 12 – Revelation 5:9-14

Revelation of Hope

Revelation 5:9-14 Week 12

Rob Covell
Introduction –

In this session we will complete Revelation, Chapter 5. As we look at the whole of Chapter 5, we are presented with a wide panoramic view of the whole of Salvation history. This is a very significant chapter as it holds the keys that outline the rest of this prophetic book. The remainder of the Revelation is the re-telling of the story of the victorious Messiah, Jesus and the extension of His rule that ultimately ushers in His visible eternal rule on earth.

We see the re-telling of the account of the rule and reign of Jesus in the geopolitical context of the Roman Empire the destruction of Judea, and in the supernatural context of the spiritual warfare that is waged as the Kingdom of God is expanded through the Church.

The conclusion of Chapter 5 would have left the First Century hearer of the Revelation encouraged and strengthened to believe in the success of the Messiah and His Church. The Church in Chapter 5 is being rooted in its identity as the people of God.

Revelation 5:9

a) A new song – This song has never been sung before in heaven. What we are seeing in verses 9-14 is a wide panoramic view of the totality of the Redemption that Jesus Christ accomplished by His death and resurrection. Greek – KAINOS – new, recently made, fresh, recent, unused, unworn Greek – ŌDĒ – song or ode

b) Jesus is being worshipped in heaven – we continue to see the divine nature in Christ as the Second Person of the Godhead.

c) The atonement of Jesus is presented to us in verse 9 as being much wider than the redemption of Israel. The concept of Messiah is for the whole world not just the believing remnant of Israel that accepted Jesus as Messiah. This section of Chapter 5 is a wide view of the whole of redemption history. The churches receiving the Revelation were still small, persecuted by Jews and Romans, and struggling in their theology. Hearing this new song would have encouraged the early church in its destiny. The new song should encourage us as well.

d) Purchased – Greek – AGORAZŌ – to be in the market place, to attend it – Just as Adam and Eve sold humanity to death and subjected creation to the influence of satan and his inferior influence, Jesus Christ purchased the Title Deed of Redemption ( the scroll), by His blood. The Greek word is a verb, and Jesus worked a salvation available to the whole world that we are not capable of working or paying for ourselves. As we come to
Jesus Christ we are bond servants, who are grateful for His love, compassion and grace. Who has been forgiven much, loves much. We were purchased for God. The Godhead sees us in the light of having the worth to work a salvation that we might be His own possession.

Revelation 5:10

a) God’s people are a kingdom. Christ rules in the hearts of His people and His rule and reign extend through us, the collective body of the Church. 1 Peter 2:9 – But you are A CHOSEN RACE, A royal PRIESTHOOD, A HOLY NATION, A PEOPLE FOR God’s OWN POSSESSION, so that you may proclaim the excellencies of Him who has called you out of darkness into His marvelous light; – Jesus said the kingdom of God is within us.

b) Priests – Greek – HIEREUS – a priest, one who offers sacrifices and in general in busied with sacred rites – We offer the sacrifices of worship, thankfulness and praise. See Romans 12 – Priests also represent the God they serve. As the church of Jesus Christ we model His nature and character, and we display the rule and reign of Jesus in our ministry and lives.

c) This verse teaches us that the Church is ruling and reigning spiritually, and we are in the position of authority to extend the rule of Jesus in the earth. These verses do not present us as being anemic and weak, but presents us being powerful and having dominion with Christ. The true destiny of God’s people is much more positive than many of us believe to be true. Our experience should never define our faith. Our faith in what is true should shape our present reality.

Revelation 5:11

a) All of heavens’ attention was directed to the Lamb, Jesus, who was slain. We have a view of the angelic hosts who love and serve the Lord of Hosts.

b) We can see the passion of the angels in their song extolling the great virtue and majesty of Jesus.

c) The ten thousand times ten thousand language is symbolic of an innumerable assembly of heavenly hosts. There are more angels in the service and worship of God than demons who fell. Greek – MYRIAS – an innumerable multitude, an unlimited number – Revelation 12:4 – says that a third of the stars fell with the dragon – The stars are fallen angels, the dragon is satan.

Revelation 5:12

a) Worthy – Greek – AXIOS – weighing, having weight, having the weight of another thing of like value, worth as much – Jesus possess the weight of glory, and greatness of His redemption. There is no one that was found worthy except Jesus to receive the scroll of Redemption and the destiny of creation.

b) Power – Greek – DYNAMIS – strength power, ability, inherent power,
power residing in a thing by virtue of its nature, or which a person or thing exerts and puts forth – power for performing miracles – moral power and excellence of soul – the power and influence which belong to riches and wealth – power and resources arising from numbers – power consisting in or resting upon armies, forces, hosts

c) Wealth – Greek – PLOUTOS – riches, wealth – abundance of external possessions – fullness, abundance, plenitude

d) Wisdom – Greek – SOPHIA – wisdom, broad and full of intelligence; used of the knowledge of very diverse matters – spec. the varied knowledge of things human and divine, acquired by acuteness and experience, and summed up in maxims and proverbs – the science and learning – the intelligence evinced in discovering the meaning of some mysterious number or vision – supreme intelligence, such as belongs to God – the wisdom of God as evinced in forming and executing counsels in the formation and government of the world and the scriptures

e) Strength or Might – Greek – ISCHYS – ability, force, strength, might

f) Honor- Greek – TIMĒ – a valuing by which the price is fixed – of the honor which one has by reason of rank and state of office which he holds

g) Glory – Greek – DOXA – the kingly majesty which belongs to him as supreme ruler, majesty in the sense of the absolute perfection of the deity

h) Praise – Greek – EULOGIA – praise, laudation, panegyric: of Christ or God

i) Jesus has received these things as the victorious Messiah. As God’s people we can receive from Jesus the greatness of all of these things in a measure of faith. The language of verse 12 is provoke us to worship this truly awesome Savior.

Revelation 5:13

a) Every creature – Greek – KTISMA – thing founded – created thing – Romans 8:20 -22 – Teaches us that all creation was subject to frustration by Adam through the Fall of Man. This means that creation is out of its original intent and suffering the effects of sin just as humanity suffers the effects of the Fall. KTISMA would also include the whole of humanity.

b) Jesus is the Restorer of the created order. At the Second Coming of Jesus the Restored Order of all things will be established.

c) The whole of Revelation Chapter 5 is a wide panoramic view of the whole of salvation history. The remainder of Revelation is the re-telling of salvation history multiple times, showing the story in a multitude of views from the historical geopolitical context of the Roman Empire to the supernatural warfare being waged as the kingdom of God and the salvation and redemption of the whole of creation is obtained by Jesus.

Revelation 5:14

a) The intimate hosts of the 4 living creatures and the 24 elders “amen” or agree and worship the Lamb. Romans 14:11-12 – every knee will bow, every tongue confess – Chapter 5 ends with whole of heaven and creation bowing and confessing Jesus Christ.
Source Material:
The Story of Christian Theology, Olsen  G. Davis Dean – The Revelation of Jesus Christ  Blue Letter  Preterist Charles Taylor – Commentary on the Book of Revelation  George Eldon Ladd – Commentary on the Book of Revelation George Eldon Ladd – The Gospel of the Kingdom Loraine Boettner – The Millenium  Harold Eberle – Victorious Eschatology  Holman Bible Dictionary  Strongs Concordance  NIV – Interlinear Greek New Testament  NASB – Interlinear Greek New Testament  Jonathan Welton – Raptureless  George Peter Holford – The Destruction of Jerusalem  Wikipedia  Rapture Fever – Gary North  The Prophets Dictionary – Price  Early Christian Martyr Stories – Bryan M. Litfin  Vines Expository Bible Dictionary

Receiving the Davidic Mantle – Week 1 – 1 Samuel 16:1-13

Receiving the Davidic Mantle Week 1 

1 Samuel 16:1-13 Rob Covell   

This morning we will begin a 6 week series, Receiving the Davidic Mantle, that will empower us as a Community to walk in the revelation of grace, and from that point receive the confidence to radically worship the Lord. This whole 6 week series is about unlocking our hearts so that we too might become a people after God’s own heart. Sustained revival leads to reformation is fueled by having an unlocked heart that loves God, because our hearts are confident in His goodness towards us.

Our text will be the Book of 1&2 Samuel to guide us through our series. In the Jewish Scriptures, 1&2 Samuel are 1 book. It was Jerome’s Vulgate that divided these books. Jewish tradition teaches us that 1&2 Samuel were written by Samuel, Nathan and Gad. Samuel means “He is EL (God)” in Hebrew.

David lived from 1040-970BC, and in David we see the next revelation of Salvation history being revealed by his life and his love for God. David means “Beloved” in Hebrew. Jesus Christ is directly descended from David and is the fulfillment of God’s Covenant to David in 2 Samuel 7.

David is a true Renaissance man, as there is no other in the Scriptures who wrote songs, wrote prophetic poetry, and was a warrior and conqueror, who trusted God and praised Him for His faithfulness and goodness. David stands alone as one who loved God, even in his weakness and sin, and did not lose confidence in God’s ability to love him through his failings.

1 Samuel 16:1 

a) Samuel – The Nazirite Prophet from Ramah who was an answer to a prayer and a gift to Israel as the last Judge in Israel’s history, who loved and lead them through their transition to establishing a king to rule them. Praise God for people who are an anchor to us in the time of transition.

b) Saul – The disobedient and rebellious King of Israel who allowed the fear of man to rob of his destiny. See 1 Samuel 15. The Lord uses Saul to school David in honor, trust, and perseverance as David struggles through his season of serving Saul and being persecuted by him.

c) Samuel stood in the place of Intercessor for his nation and continued to mourn and seek the Lord for Saul’s deliverance from God’s decree over him. Samuel was invested in Saul at the heart level.

d) Fill your horn with oil – The symbolism here is as follows: Horn =Strength and Power – Oil = the anointing of the Holy Spirit. We are blessed by God today because we are indwelt and anointed by the Spirit. We are called a holy nation and royal priesthood. See 1 John 2, and 1 Peter 2. All of us share in the birthright of Kings as we One with the True King, Jesus Christ.

e) Go to Jesse – Descended from Boaz and Ruth, David’s’ father and a man of standing in Judah.  f) Jesse means “I Possess” – Jesse possessed a son who was God’s treasure and His Beloved.

g) Bethlehem means “House of Bread” – From Bethlehem the True Bread from Heaven came down to give His life as a sacrifice.

1 Samuel 16:2-3

a) Samuel obeyed the Lord even under the threat of death. Saul at this point as desperate man, knowing that the Lord had rejected him and took His Spirit away from Him. He would have killed Samuel in an attempt to hold on to his throne. We are so blessed to be in Christ as God will not take away His Spirit from us in our failings. In fact He gives us the Spirit as a Teacher, Counselor, Advocate and One who empowers us to overcome.

b) Samuel trusted God as faithful prophet. The faithful prophet trusts God when He speaks, moves in faithfulness to the Word he hears, and loves the people he serves. The Lord asks Samuel to anoint the one He indicates. Hebrew – mashach – to smear, anoint, spread a liquid

1 Samuel 16:4-5 

a) The Elders of Bethlehem trembled at the arrival of Samuel. This highlights the respect and anointing that Samuel walked in as a prophet of God. In Acts 19:17 it says that the Name of Jesus was held in high honor and the followers of Christ were feared because of their supernatural power and anointing.

b) Samuel came in peace – shalowm – completeness, soundness, welfare, peace – safety, soundness (in body) – welfare, health, prosperity – peace, quiet, tranquility, contentment – peace, friendship – of human relationships – with God especially in covenant relationship – peace (from war)

c) God’s people carry the authority of peace.

d) Samuel consecrated Jesse’s family – The meaning here is that Samuel set Jesse and his sons apart, and brought honor to his house. When we extend honor to others we treat them with a measure of favor from God.

1 Samuel 16:6-7

a) Eliab – “God is Father” – Eliab must have had a similar countenance and look as Saul because Samuel immediately looked at him and thought; “here is God’s man.” Saul was tall and handsome, his name means “Desired”.

b) God looks at the heart. Hebrew – lebab – inner man, mind, will, heart, soul, understanding – God sees that which has worth in people, not the fading beauty of the flesh, but the eternal qualities of heart that loves Him.

1 Samuel 16:8-11

a) Abinadab – “My father is worthy” – Shammah – “Astonishment” – and 7 others passed in front of Samuel. God was not interested in the honor of an earthly father or the astonishment of one born of natural means. He was interested in the Beloved born by the Spirit in the place of friendship and relationship with God.

b) Are these all of your sons? Samuel must have been perplexed by this as the Lord had not indicated which son was God’s anointed.

c) David tending sheep – This is David’s “Backside of the Mountain” season. In the place of being hidden, our hearts are molded by God, our worship becomes authentic, and our identities are we prepared to be Kings.

d) Samuel waits – He is not going to honor Jesse until the youngest comes. David wrote that though his father and mother forsake him, the will not forsake him.

1 Samuel 16:12-13  

a) David – The youngest and the least likely. He is the eighth – 8 in Scripture symbolizes new beginnings  and new life – Like the Old Testament Passover lamb, Jesus was selected as the Lamb to take away man’s sins on the Hebrew day of Nisan 10 (April 1, 30 A.D. – John 12: 28 – 29). He was crucified on Nisan 14 (Wednesday, April 5 in 30 A.D.). His resurrection occurred, exactly as he stated, three days and three nights after he was buried, which was at the end of the weekly Sabbath day that fell on Nisan 17 (seventeen symbolizes victory). Nisan 17 was also the eighth day, counting inclusively, from the time Christ was selected as man’s sacrificial Lamb. All this bears record of Jesus’ perfect sacrifice and His complete victory over death.

b) Boys were to be circumcised on the 8th day. The number 8 symbolizes circumcision of the heart through Christ and the receiving of the Holy Spirit (Romans 2:28 – 29, Colossians 2:11 – 13). Those in Christ are becoming a new creation, with godly character being created by the power of God’s Spirit (2Corinthians 5:17, Ephesians 2:10; 4:23 – 24).

c) After the 7 weeks of the spring harvest, the next day, the 50th day, is Pentecost. This day is also the eighth day of the seventh week. This 8th and 50th day combination pictures the first resurrection when the saints will be raised from the dead and made immortal (1Corinthians 15:20 – 23, John 3:3 – 12, Revelation 20:4 – 6). After the 7 days of the Feast of Tabernacles there is an 8th day, called the Last Great Day.

d) David was ruddy (Red), with a fine appearance and handsome features – The word for handsome here is TOWB – good, pleasant, agreeable – of a higher nature – The thought here has less to do with good looks, but a beauty of a good heart.

e) The Spirit of God came upon David – Hebrew – ruach – breath, spirit, mind and wind – Hebrew – Mighty/Power – tsalach – to rush – to advance, prosper, make progress, succeed, be profitable – Beloved the truth about you is the RUACH of God that makes you TSALACH!

The Revelation of Hope – Week 11 – Revelation 5:1-8

Revelation of Hope 

Revelation 5:1-8 Week 11

Rob Covell       
Introduction – 

In this session we begin Revelation 5, as John continues his trance/ecstatic state vision of the Throne Room in heaven. In Chapter 5, we see Jesus becoming the center of attention in heaven as He takes the 7 seven sealed scroll. This chapter is full of awesome symbolism and prophetic revelation of Jesus Christ.

In the context of being a First Century believer, who would have received the Revelation, Chapter 5 would have continued to be a source of encouragement to a theologically immature, weak, and persecuted church. Chapter 5 would have also been the source of inspired worship and adoration of Jesus to them and to us.

Revelation 5:1

a) God the Father is on the throne and possess the “Title Deed” to the redemption of all things.

b) The scroll with writing on both sides and sealed with 7 seals is significant. In ancient times a sealed document indicated an authoritative and important document. It could only be opened by the one authorized to open the seals.

c) The number 7 in Scripture is the number of completeness, fullness, perfection, or finished works.

d) The identity of the one who could open the scroll is hinted to us in Revelation 1:1 – The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave Him to show to His bond-servants, the things which must soon take place; and He sent and communicated it by His angel to His bond-servant John, – Since the Revelation is a revelation, Jesus would be One who would be able to reveal the contents of the scroll to His people. A vast portion of this prophetic book revolves around the opening of the seals. We can see from the very start of this book we are interpreting the book by understanding its symbolism in the context of the culture, historical events that actually happened that prove the Revelation and our faith is true, and allowing the Scriptures to interpret Scripture.

e) We see a foreshadowing of this scroll in Daniel 12:4 – “But as for you, Daniel, conceal these words and seal up the book until the end of time; many will go back and forth, and knowledge will increase.” – Later, Daniel began to ask about the sealed book and God answered him in Daniel 12:7 – I heard the man dressed in linen, who was above the waters of the river, as he raised his right hand and his left toward heaven, and swore by Him who lives forever that it would be for a time, times, and half a time; and as soon as they finish shattering the power of the holy people, all these events will be completed. – This prophecy was fulfilled in AD 70 when the destruction of Jerusalem was completed after a 3.5 year siege. I mention this because most the apocalyptic prophecy of the Old Testament and the prophecies of Jesus were fulfilled in the times when Jerusalem was destroyed in AD 70.

Revelation 5:2

a) In this verse we continue to see the diversity of the angelic order that God created. Apparently this angel was “mighty/strong”, characterizing his rank, and assignment.

b) Loud voice – MEGAS PHONE – Greek – used of intensity and its degrees: with great effort, of the affections and emotions of the mind, of natural events powerfully affecting the senses: violent, mighty, strong – a sound or tone, of instruments, of uttered voices

c) Who is worthy – This is the charge. The Only One worthy would be the One who could pay the price for the “Title Deed” of redemption. Jesus being the Second Adam, who did not fail in temptation, who was perfect and without sin, who was obedient to the Father, and defeated death and hell, would be worthy.

Revelation 5:3-4

a) No created being was found worthy to possess the scroll of the redemption of all things.

b) There is a theological concept here that Mankind is not worthy to save itself nor capable to work it out.

c) The second theological concept here is that only One co-equal with the Father would be worthy. This points us to the divinity of Jesus Christ as the God-Man.  d) John wept – John still was having his theology of Jesus formed, because he wept tears of hopelessness in regards to the redemption. This would have been terribly discouraging, as he is witnessing this vision in his trance state.

Revelation 5:5

a) One of the elders – This would have been one of the 24 angelic elders around the throne.

b) Do not weep – Jesus is the Daystar rising in our hearts. The weeping may last for the night, but joy comes in the morning. A revelation of Jesus ends all weeping and brings hope.

c) The Elder Angel points John to specific prophecies about the Person of Jesus.

d) Lion of the Tribe of Judah and the Root of David – Isaiah 11:1 – Then a shoot will spring from the stem of Jesse,  And a branch from his roots will bear fruit. Micah 5:2 – But as for you, Bethlehem Ephrathah,  Too little to be among the clans of Judah,  From you One will go forth for Me to be ruler in Israel.  His goings forth are from long ago,  From the days of eternity.” Isaiah 65:9 – “I will bring forth offspring from Jacob,  And an heir of My mountains from Judah;  Even My chosen ones shall inherit it,  And My servants will dwell there. Genesis 49:9 – “Judah is a lion’s whelp;  From the prey, my son, you have gone up.  He couches, he lies down as a lion,  And as a lion, who dares rouse him up? Genesis 49:10 – “The scepter shall not depart from Judah,  Nor the ruler’s staff from between his feet,  Until Shiloh comes,  And to him shall be the obedience of the peoples.

e) He has triumphed – Greek – NIKAŌ – to conquer, to carry off the victory, come off victorious – Jesus defeated satan and demons and all of the evil resident in their realm by His death and resurrection. Colossians 2:15 – When He had disarmed the rulers and authorities, He made a public display of them, having triumphed over them through Him. Colossians 2:14 says that Jesus defeated the judgment that we were to receive as Law breakers by His death on the cross. It is important to know that Jesus worked a victory that we could have never worked. We triumph with Him because we are in Him!  f) He is able – Greek – ANOIGŌ – verb – to open – Jesus opens all the doors of revelation and illumination and shows His people. Psalm 25:14 – The secret of the LORD is for those who fear Him,  And He will make them know His covenant.

Revelation 5:6 

a) In chapter 4 we mentioned the significance of the place where the 4 living creatures were positioned. They were under the throne and around the throne. From this language we concluded that they were under and centered directly under the throne. Jesus proceeds from the very center of the throne. This symbolism shows that Jesus proceeds forth from the Father. Galatians 4:4 – But when the fullness of the time came, God sent forth His Son,

b) The Lamb, who is a Lion – Slain – Greek – SPHAZŌ – to slay, slaughter, butcher – to put to death by violence – mortally wounded – Jesus was a Lamb in terms of His innocence and sacrifice, He was a Lion in terms of His courage, strength and obedience to the Father as He endured the torture of the cross for the justification of our sins. The marks of His suffering are eternal and speak of the everlasting salvation He worked.

c) Jesus is the center of attention and all the angelic order worships Him and praises Him. He is the center of our attention as well and we are a loving Bride who longs for the Bridegroom.

d) 7 horns – This speaks of the absolute authority of Jesus as the One

worthy to take the scroll.

e) 7 eyes – Jesus has intense passion and desire, omnipotence, omnipresence, and His eyes burn with prefect vision in regards to all things. These are further attributes of His deity as the Second Person of the Trinity. The fourth and fifth chapters of Revelation are full of Trinitarian theology.

Revelation 5:7 

a) Only Jesus could take the scroll from the right hand of the Father. The right hand in Scripture symbolizes power, authority, omnipotence, strength, and the power to rule.

Revelation 5:8 

a) When Jesus takes the scroll the attention of heaven is focused on Him and the creatures and elders that were worshipping the One on the throne, begin to worship the Lamb. This is a clear indication that Jesus is worthy of worship and divine; He is a God-Man.

b) Each one had a harp – Greek – KITHARA – a harp to which praises of God are sung in heaven – It is a very interesting word as it is has no known root word, and is always in the context of being used in heaven. It not an earthly instrument, but a heavenly one. To sing the song of heaven, it must be revealed to one by heaven. Here is worship being a vehicle of prophetic spontaneous song as the elders and creatures play the KITHARA and worship the Lamb.

c) Bowls of incense – It is a wonderful symbol of our prayers being a sweet smelling sacrifice to the Lord. We can offer no other sacrifice than to spend ourselves in thankful worship and the petition of prayer. God enjoys our prayers and the godly meditations of our hearts. They are found in the hands of the very closest spiritual beings in heaven, in the form of golden bowls full of incense.

d) Gold in Scripture represents power, wealth, and things having eternal value. Our prayers have worth and eternal value. Verse 8 says the bowls are full. This is symbolism that God does not lightly esteem the prayers of His people. The word for bowls in the Greek indicate that the bowls are large deep, saucers, made of gold, being full.

e) Prayers of the saints – Greek – HAGIOS – most holy thing, a saint – It is truly amazing that despite all of our weaknesses and spiritual immaturity, we are regarded as most holy people.

Source Material:  
The Story of Christian Theology, Olsen  G. Davis Dean – The Revelation of Jesus Christ  Blue Letter  Preterist Charles Taylor – Commentary on the Book of Revelation
George Eldon Ladd – Commentary on the Book of Revelation George Eldon Ladd – The Gospel of the Kingdom Loraine Boettner – The Millenium  Harold Eberle – Victorious Eschatology  Holman Bible Dictionary  Strongs Concordance  NIV – Interlinear Greek New Testament  NASB – Interlinear Greek New Testament  Jonathan Welton – Raptureless  George Peter Holford – The Destruction of Jerusalem  Wikipedia  Rapture Fever – Gary North  The Prophets Dictionary – Price  Early Christian Martyr Stories – Bryan M. Litfin  Vines Expository Bible Dictionary

Kings and Priests – The Prayer of the Kingdom

Kings and Priests

The Prayer of the Kingdom

Luke 11:1-13

Rob Covell  
Introduction:  As we conclude our series Kings and Priests, we are going to encouraged to learn to pray from the place of acceptance from the Father, pray with power and authority, and pray without limits and with the expectation to receive, and pray in the fullness of the Holy Spirit.  This is the way a Royal Priesthood prays.

Prayer is at the center of our being as children of God, and prayer makes possible the impossibilities that surround us. This morning we will learn to pray this way from Jesus in Luke 11.

Luke 11:1 

a) Jesus “teach us to pray”. In Hebrews Jesus is described as our Intercessor who prays with loud cries, and passion. Hebrews 5:7 – During the days of Jesus’ life on earth, he offered up prayers and petitions with fervent cries and tears to the one who could save him from death, and he was heard because of his reverent submission. Hebrews 4:14-15 – Therefore, since we have a great high priest who has ascended into heaven, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold firmly to the faith we profess. For we do not have a high priest who is unable to empathize with our weaknesses, but we have one who has been tempted in every way, just as we are—yet he did not sin.

b) The Holy Spirit prays for us as well. In Romans, the Holy Spirit is described as praying for us with such passion that words cannot describe the emotion. Romans 8:26-27 -In the same way, the Spirit helps us in our weakness. We do not know what we ought to pray for, but the Spirit himself intercedes for us through wordless groans. And he who searches our hearts knows the mind of the Spirit, because the Spirit intercedes for God’s people in accordance with the will of God.

c) From the place of relationship with the Lord we learn pray and He reveals His heart to us. It is awesome to know that the Godhead prays for us.

d) It was the custom of Rabbis in that time to teach their disciples to pray according to a model that identified the disciple with the rabbi (John Wesley, Commentary on Luke). This was the reason for the disciple to ask Jesus to teach them to pray. I want to be identified with my Rabbi, Jesus by my prayer. As move farther into the text, we see that Jesus gives them a revolutionary prayer model, as He teaches them to pray as a child to a loving Father.

Luke 11:2

a) “When you pray” – Greek (verb) – PROSEUCHOMAI – to offer prayers, to make prayer – This word comes from the Greek word for worship – PROSKYNEŌ – to kiss the hand, to reverence, to bow down to – We see that prayer and worship originate from the same attitude of the heart.

b) Father – Greek, PATER – The definition implies 2 things about God. 1 – That He is the Father of all creation and 2 – That the Father is intimately involved as loving Father to His child.  1 John 3:1 – See what great love the Father has lavished on us, that we should be called children of God! And that is what we are! The reason the world does not know us is that it did not know him. This is a revolutionary concept in light of the Jewish paradigm of God in the common culture of the day.

c) Hallowed be Your Name – Greek – HAGIAZŌ – to render and acknowledge as being holy and separate from – We acknowledge the Father as being our loving Father, and we hold Him as the object of our thankful worship.

d) Your kingdom come – We see a parallel version of this prayer in Matthew 6:9-13 – Your kingdom come, you will be done, on earth as it is in heaven. Jesus teaches us to pray for God’s authoritative rule and reign to be displayed and known on earth as it is in heaven. This is a mind blowing concept as there are no boundaries to God’s rule and reign, and we can pray for anything according to this model because the Lord desires that every area of our lives come under the covering of His amazing kingdom. In His kingdom there is no sickness, no injustice, no brokenness, no chaos, no evil, and it is devoid of everything that isn’t good, merciful, restorative and loving. When Jesus says to pray for the kingdom to come, it means that we pray for it to be revealed or made known.

e) It is God’s will that His kingdom is made known and revealed. It is God’s will to heal, to will to restore, to save, to display His intense love and grace in every area of live and in the world. This is the essence of the prayer of the kingdom.

Luke 11:3

a) Daily bread – The thought here is not simply food or bread, but that God gives everything we need for life. 2 Peter 1:3 – His divine power has given us everything we need for a godly life through our knowledge of him who called us by his own glory and goodness.

b) The concept is to invite the prosperity and wealth of God into our lives as we trust Him to take care of us.

Luke 11:4 

a) Forgive – Greek – APHIĒMI – to send away, to divorce, to let go of, to not discuss anymore – When the Lord forgives us, He forgives with finality, and separates us completely from our sins.

b) Sins – HAMARTIA – to be without a share in, to miss the mark, to err, to miss or wander from the path of uprightness and honor, to do or go wrong, to wander away from the path God’s Law.

c) We also forgive – Jesus is giving us the pathway of freedom for our wellbeing and wholeness. Living unoffended is the ability to not allow others to control the attitudes of our hearts, and to live free from the burdens of offense seasoning every aspect of our lives.

d) Lead us not into temptation – This is our asking to be delivered from the test of the enemy. The Greek for temptation –PEIRASMOS – an experiment, attempt, trial, proving – the trial of man’s fidelity, integrity, virtue, constancy – God is not capable of sin, as He is Light, and cannot lie. A common misconception Christians have, is to recognize that satan and demons have self-will, and will use that self-will to attack people and frustrate the will of God and the manifestation of His kingdom in the lives of people. The essence of the thought here is the prayer for deliverance from the attack of our spiritual enemies.

Luke 11:5-8 

a) Jesus gives a contrast in verses 5-8 to show us that we do not need to strive to have our prayers heard, or answered.

b) The neighbor answers the door, not from the place of friendship, but from the “shameless impudence”. Greek – ANAIDEIA – shameless impudence – Jesus just finished teaching the disciples to pray from the intimate place from a child to a Father. This illustration of striving to receive what is being asked for, is contrary to God’s heart in answering the prayers of His beloved children.

Luke 11:9-10

a) Jesus puts no limit on answered prayer. Ask and you WILL receive, seek and you WILL find, knock and the door WILL be opened!

b) Jesus encourages us to pray with faith that is free from limitations and full of the expectation of receiving what is asked for.

Luke 11:11-13 

a) Jesus continues to encourage us to expect good things from a GOOD GOD.

b) Us being evil – this is bad translation – the Greek word here is PONĒROS – full of labors, annoyances, hardships – pressed and harassed by labors – bringing toils, annoyances, perils; of a time full of peril to Christian faith and steadfastness; causing pain and trouble – bad, of a bad nature or condition – Jesus is not implying that his disciples are evil, but broken, weak, and fallen as compared to the perfection of the Father who will bless and gives us according to His good intentions. If we are capable of providing blessing and good things to our children, how much more will He bless us and gives us good things?

c) Give the Holy Spirit – The Holy Spirit is the best gift God gives to us – The parallel verses to these verses are in Matthew 7:7-11. Not only do we receive good gifts – James 1:17 – Every good and perfect gift is from above, coming down from the Father of the heavenly lights, who does not change like shifting shadows. But we receive the fullness of the Holy Spirit when we ask.

d) The Holy Spirit – The down payment, the Counselor, the Helper, the One who anoints us, the Teacher, The Intercessor, The One who draws us to the Lord, the One reveals the Father and Jesus, the One who distributes gifts of the Spirit, the One who manifests the Fruit of the Spirit, the One who sanctifies us, the One who is IN US.  e) The prayer of the kingdom is intimate and worshipful in relationship to the Lord, full of intercession for His rule and reign, and free of limitation and full of expectation, and finally full of the Spirit!

The Revelation of Hope – Week 10 – Revelation Chapter 4

Revelation of Hope

 Revelation 4:1-11

Week 10

Rob Covell      

 Introduction –

In this Session we will study Revelation Chapter 4, and step into John’s Second Prophetic Vision into the Throne Room/Realm of God the Father. We will be introduced to the majesty and beauty of God and the diversity of the angelic created order. We will be inspired to worship God in more depth and intensity by John’s second vision.

The purpose of the second vision is to communicate truth about God in terms of His eternal nature, and Him being above all things and worthy of all worship. This would have been a strong encouragement to the Early Church that was facing persecutions and challenges all around them. It is also an encouragement to every generation of believers in Jesus Christ and an inspiration for us to worship our God with same passion as the angelic order in Revelation 4.

Revelation 4:1

  1. The door open in heaven is the door of revelation that John the Beloved would go through to see realms of God’s revelation and illumination. Doors in Scripture represent moments of opportunity between God and people. We call these moments KAIROS moments. These times of convergence where we move from one season to another. Because the door is located in heaven, we can assume from the text that John is another trance state after receiving the Letters to the Seven Churches.
  2. John was invited to “come up here”, by a loud voice like a trumpet. In Revelation 1:10, the voice of Jesus was described as a like a loud trumpet. We can that Jesus is still speaking to John in this second prophetic vision, by the phrase, “the voice I had first heard speaking to me”. Jesus is the access to realms of revelation and experiential knowledge, as He is the door for the sheep to enter in. It is through Jesus that we access all of the forgiveness, blessing, mercy, love and grace of God. In verse 1 we see the Holy Spirit and Jesus in unity bringing the Second Vision to John. The book of Revelation is distinctly Trinitarian.
  3. What takes place after this – This is what takes place after the Letters to the Seven Churches. The Church of Jesus Christ is only about 30-40 years old at this point in salvation history and the Lord needed to encourage His Body into the wonderful destiny they would walk out as they destroy the works of the devil, and bring the dominion of God’s Kingdom to the world by preaching the Gospel. We are still engaged in this same call and destiny, and the Church will continue to be encouraged by this wonderful prophetic book. The First Century Church was small and weak, having just been born, but they were empowered by the Holy Spirit. They were facing persecutions by the Jews and Romans, and they needed the prophetic visions of the Revelation to give them grace to grow strong and prosper in their high calling in Jesus as revolutionary world changers. The whole world has profited by the presence of the Church.

Revelation 4:2-3

  1. The One who sat on the throne in heaven – Greek – heaven – OURANOS – the region above the natural heavens, the seat of order of things eternal and consummately perfect where God dwells and other heavenly beings – God being seated communicates to us that God is at rest and in the fullness of peace. He does not need to work His will and He only needs to decree His will!
  2. Despite the condition of the world, God dwells as King and Lord. We can be comforted to know that God is above all things and before all things.
  3. No anthropomorphism is given to God in this vision. He is only described as having the appearance of Jasper and Carnelian. This is an invitation for us to think of God according to the symbolism of the 2 gem stones given to us in the vision.
  4. Jasper – Red in color – This symbolizes the passion, desire, emotion, and the love of God. 1 John 4:8, says that God is love. In the color red we see the symbolism of the passionate red blood of redemption of Jesus, and fullness of who God is at the very essence of His being.
  5. Carnelian – Orange in color – Hebrews 12:29, says our God is a consuming fire. This is symbolic language for the intensity of His being, the coming fires of judgment at the end of the New Covenant Age, and the purity of the flame of His heart that refines those He loves.
  6. The rainbow resembling an emerald – We have 2 symbols to interpret here. The rainbow symbolizes God’s never changing Word and Covenant promises to His people. The emerald is a green stone and is transparent. The emerald rainbow symbolizes the life of God extended to those who are in Covenant with Him. It encircles His throne because a circle has no beginning or end. God is eternal, and His Word and Covenant are forever.

Revelation 4:4

  1. The 24 thrones and 24 elders surrounding the Throne of God are angelic beings who sit in the counsel and wisdom of God.
  2. They are wearing white, the raiment of angels – Angels are described as wearing white in John 20:12, Matthew 28:3, Acts 1:10, Mark 16:5 – Paul describes a multitude of angelic ranks in Colossians 1:16, Romans 8:38, and Ephesians 3:10
  3. Many OT verses describe God as being surrounded, or in the presence of the angelic order. See Psalm 89:7, Isaiah 24:23, 1 Kings 22:19
  4. These angelic elders have the angelic functions of worship, enforcing God’s decrees as they are on thrones, and wear gold crowns.
  5. Through this prophetic vision we given the invitation to participate in it with a holy imagination being inspired by the Holy Spirit.

Revelation 4:5

  1. From the throne came thundering and lightning; these are common manifestations of the power and presence of God in Scripture. See Exodus 19:16, Ezekiel 1:13 – these symbolize the power, authority, suddenness, and glory of the presence of God. See Psalm 18:13-15 and Job 37:2-5
  2. Nothing compares to power and authority, and swiftness of His Word. From this throne all of purposes of life and destiny are spoken.
  3. The Sevenfold Spirit or Seven Spirits of God – This is symbolic language for the perfection of the Holy Spirit. 7 the number of perfection or of being complete. What we have here is the typical type and shadow used as description of the Holy Spirit. This type of allegory or symbolism is used throughout the Revelation. See Isaiah 11:1-3

Revelation 4:6

  1. The Sea of Glass/Crystal – This symbolizes the purity of God and His holiness. God is perfectly pure, holy and good. Our view of God should be filtered through these truths.
  2. There was a Bronze Sea/Laver before the Old Testament Altar where the priests would wash before serving before the Lord (1 Kings 7:23-26 & 2 Chronicles 4:2-6). As believers we have been made pure by the Lord Jesus, and we are priests before Him, and can approach Him on this Sea of purity and holiness. In this vison we see the real Sea as the Sea of the Temple was only a shadow of the greater reality in heaven.
  3. We can also connect this Sea to the visions in Exodus 24:10 and Ezekiel 1:22 & 26. It is important to keep in mind that Revelation parallels the Old Testament imagery of Isaiah, Ezekiel, Joel, Zechariah, and Psalms and should be interpreted according to the context of this imagery.
  4. The 4 living creatures are analogous to Ezekiel’s vision in Ezekiel 1 and Isaiah’s vision in Isaiah 6. The reference to these creatures being covered with eyes communicates to us that these creatures were created to see the fullness of God’s beauty, and their ceaseless vigilance in declaring His praise. Their position being mentioned in the center and around the throne can be interpreted that they are under God’s throne mediating the divine power and energy to the world. The created angelic order possesses a diversity similar to God’s created natural order.

Revelation 4:8-9

  1. From very early times in Church history the faces of the 4 creatures have been connected to the 4 Gospels and their various points of view and their portrayal of Jesus. The natural interpretation in the text does not support that view. However the face of each living creature communicates to us something about their angelic function.
  2. The face of a lion – The symbol of courage, bravery, and fierceness in battle.
  3. The face of an ox – The symbol of power, service and faithfulness in labor.
  4. The face of man – The symbol of being created in God’s image and the crown of His created order.
  5. The face of an eagle – The symbol of powerful flight and the safety of the heights on which eagles fly. This can also symbolize having prophetic vision and revelation.
  6. We can summarize that the totality of the 4 faces represent the fullness of these creatures callings and heavenly assignments. These are very powerful and wonderful creatures that declare the praise of the Living God in their song.
  7. “Holy, holy, holy is the Lord God Almighty, who was, and is and is to come” The never ending song is never ending because it declares the infinity of God and His everlasting and eternal Being. This is an expression of “I AM”. It is comforting to know that the God we worship, possesses inexhaustible qualities, character and mystery.

Revelation 4:10-11

  1. The 24 elders reciprocate and declare that what the creatures say is true. They are the Amen to the creature song.
  2. Worthy – Greek AXIOUS – weighing, having weight, having the weight of another thing of like value, worth as much – The Lord is worthy above all things to be praised as He is Creator God.
  3. Glory – Greek – DOXA – opinion of something, magnificence, excellence, preeminence, dignity, grace, the kingly majesty which belongs to him as supreme ruler, majesty in the sense of the absolute perfection of the Deity
  4. Honor – Greek – TIMĒ – a valuing by which the price is fixed, of the honor which one has by reason of rank and state of office which he holds, deference, reverence
  5. Power – Greek – DYNAMIS – strength power, ability, inherent power, power residing in a thing by virtue of its nature, or which a person or thing exerts and puts forth
  6. The declarative song of the elders also teaches us that creation was first in God’s mind and then came to being by His will. It is God bringing forth something from nothing, which is the ultimate display of power and authority.
  7. This amazing vision of God that Jesus invited John through the door to experience, empowered and strengthened the First Century Church to endure the spiritual warfare that was being waged against them as the expanded the rule and reign of this beautiful Creator God. This vision today continues to inspire the Modern Church to worship, praise and be strengthened in times in which we live.

Source Material:

The Story of Christian Theology, Olsen

Davis Dean – The Revelation of Jesus Christ

Blue Letter


Charles Taylor – Commentary on the Book of Revelation

George Eldon Ladd – Commentary on the Book of Revelation

George Eldon Ladd – The Gospel of the Kingdom

Loraine Boettner – The Millenium

Harold Eberle – Victorious Eschatology

Holman Bible Dictionary

Strongs Concordance

NIV – Interlinear Greek New Testament

NASB – Interlinear Greek New Testament

Jonathan Welton – Raptureless

George Peter Holford – The Destruction of Jerusalem


Rapture Fever – Gary North

The Prophets Dictionary – Price

Early Christian Martyr Stories – Bryan M. Litfin

Vines Expository Bible Dictionary

Kings and Priests – Week 5 – The Faith of the Kingdom

Kings and Priests  The Faith of the Kingdom  

2 Kings 5:1-16 

Rob Covell


This morning we are going to look at the faith of the Kingdom as we continue in our Kings and Priests series. Hebrews 11:1 gives the definition of the faith of the Kingdom.

Hebrews 11:1 – Now faith is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen. a) Faith – Greek – PISTIS – the conviction of the truth of anything  b) Substance – Greek – HYPOSTASIS – a setting or placing under, thing put under, substructure, foundation, that which has actual existence, a substance, real being c) Evidence – Greek – ELEGCHOS – a proof, that by which a thing is proved or tested

We can see from the verse that faith is a tangible spiritual substance, and not just a thought, a theology, or a wish in the heart of the Beloved of God. The actual substance of faith is the Man, Jesus Christ, and the evidence is the Cross and the Resurrection of Jesus Christ. It is important to have the mindset that the Atonement released actual spiritual substance and power that possess the ability to save (SOZO) the world.

I would like to take the opportunity this morning to use the Old Testament to encourage us to grow in faith. I want to do this for 2 reasons; the first reason is to show that it is the heart of God to heal, show mercy, and grace even under an inferior Covenant called the Law. The second to is show us that God wanted to communicate this so strongly that He healed a person who was not even a under the Covenant, or an Israelite.

Our text this morning is 2 Kings 5:15, and we will look at the healing of Namaan the Aramean. Jesus said this about Namaan in Luke 4:27;
Luke 4:27 – “And there were many lepers in Israel in the time of Elisha the prophet; and none of them was cleansed, but only Naaman the Syrian.”
Jesus references this miracle to communicate that the Father will go to great lengths to get the attention of His people so that they may turn to Him and that the healing of Namaan was a sign that the faith of a man who was even part of Covenant, could bring the benefits of the Covenant into one’s life. This was a shadow of the type of grace and benefit that the Lord displays in the New Covenant.

2 Kings 5:1-2
a) Aramean – Related to Israel thru Shem, Noah’s son. These people were antagonistic to Israel and raided them and fought wars with them. God is provoking His people to repentance by healing an enemy and demonstrating kindness to one who does not deserve it. This is the goodness of God on full display.

b) Leprosy – No cure, debilitating disease, and a sure death sentence with the added aspect of shame. These people were banished and unclean. This shows us that even Namaan the warrior had something in his life that could not be healed by man, but by God. Even great people need the grace of God in their lives as everyone has the need of a Savior

2 Kings 5:2-3

a) Captive girl – We do not know her name but her faith speaks forever in the pages of Scripture. She was not offended out of her faith by her tragedy. God can use even the worst of circumstances to bring about glory for Himself and His people. Faith is respecter of persons; it is the great equalizer.

b) This captive girl influenced the government at the highest levels in her day by having faith in her God and speaking the truth in love. Presenting the healing power of God is love. This is one of the hallmarks of the gospel of the Kingdom.

c) The Prophet – Elisha was God’s representative; the people of God are known by the demonstrating God’s heart. Elisha means “God is Salvation”. That is the appropriate name for those who have the message of God in mouths.

2 Kings 5:4-6

a) Namaan’s faith in God’s ability to heal moved him to action. We will see in the following verses in 2 Kings 5, that faith action is the catalyst to bring into reality that which is hoped for. See Hebrews 11:1 and 11:6, 11:33

b) The letter from the King and the extravagant gift were the way of politics in that time. This was so that the King of Israel would show favor on Namaan. Notice that even those who did not worship God in that day still believed in the power and ability of God to work miracles. The God of Israel was famous in ancient times because of the Exodus.

c) The King of Aram agreed with Namaan’s request because he was his military general and useful to him.

2 Kings 5:7

a) The King of Israel looked at his situation from the natural perspective. He looked at his lack instead of the Lord’s ability to accomplish mighty things.

b) God was doing extraordinary things at this time. The Lord was working miracles thru the ministry of Elisha that were very similar to the ones Jesus would work later. In Scripture we see that God begins to work signs and wonders when He is seeking the attention of the people. Namaan’s request was that the prophet in Samaria would heal him. The King of Israel was rejecting Elisha’s ministry at this time, because he was backslidden in his relationship with the Lord. The Lord is slow to anger and abounding in love and will go to extravagant lengths to redeem His people.

c) The King was concerned about his reputation and feared reproach. It really was not his name on the line but the Lord’s. The King of Israel at this time was probably Joram, son of Ahab.

2 Kings 5:8-10

a) Namaan goes to Elisha and stops at his door. Two things are happening here: 1 – The king of Israel is being shown how far he has walked away from God, by his faithless declaration. 2- Namaan’s faith is going to be tested to the maximum.

2 Kings 5:11-12

a) Namaan was expecting his healing to come by a certain way. He was an important man and Elisha did not even come to out to meet him.  Elisha was showing Namaan that it is God who heals and by faith the healing comes; not thru the religious activities of a man.

b) Namaan was letting offense begin to rob him of what God wanted to do in his life.  Never waste a crisis in your life. It is an opportunity for faith, miracles, and glory.

2 Kings 5:13-14

a) Namaan’s companions exposed his heart. Namaan had religious preferences, pride, and offense all waging spiritual warfare against him. When we can receive truth it breaks the lie and releases us into the place where faith and action work the salvation of God in person’s life.

b) Namaan acted by faith and received his healing.  Do not discount the principle that faith requires action on our part. The Jordan River was not known for its clean clear water. To Israel, the Jordan was a barrier that required the power of God to bring them across. I say this because the very thing that was the barrier that needed to be overcome, became the very thing that produced great miracles. The floating axe head, John the Baptist, the Baptism of Jesus.

c) The healing brought Namaan to faith in God. We can see that Jesus prescribed these same principles to us who preach the gospel. Mark 16

2 Kings 5:15-16

a) The healing Namaan received moved him from death to life. Miracles, signs and wonders prove the love of God, demonstrate His power, and lead people into a relationship with Him. Namaan made a faith declaration to the King of Kings!  b) Elisha was not in ministry for gain or riches. He was a prophet of God because of his calling. This is truly the same heart of the Apostles. The Kingdom is not for our gain, but for His gain!

The Revelation of Hope Week 9 Revelation 3:14-22

Revelation of Hope


Week 9

Rob Covell


Introduction –

In this Session we conclude the 7 Letters to the 7 Churches and complete our study of Chapter 3. Tonight we look at the Church of Laodicea. The Laodicean Church has been the source material for many condemning sermons, exhortations, and warnings to shock the Modern Body of Christ and instill fear the hearts of the Beloved that Jesus might “spit them out of His mouth”! However the historical context of the Letter to Laodicea shows that Jesus used a play on words 3 times when He addressed this community, and these references would have stirred the hearts of believers in Laodicea to repent and change the course of their churches’ futures.

It is true that this Church receives no praise from their Lord, and is rebuked in a very forceful way; but this Church also is promised 2 of the loveliest and most intimate promises when compared to the promises offered to the other 6 churches.

As we finish the 7 Letters to the 7 Churches tonight, I want to remind us that 7 is the number or finished of complete works in the Scriptures. These letters do not symbolize 7 ages of Church History, but they do present to us the whole counsel of God in regards to the things that Church communities need to be aware of and warned by.

Below are some facts about Laodicea that will help understand the context of this letter from Jesus to this Church.

  1. The city of Laodicea was founded by Antiochus II, approximately 263BC and named after his wife Laodice. It is located in Modern Day Turkey, and is about 100 miles East of Ephesus, and was located on a major trade route.
  2. The city was very prosperous and wealthy due to it being a major trade center of that region. Scholars call it a convergence city because it was meeting point of multiple regions. The wealth of those regions flowed into Laodicea.
  3. It was cultural center for the arts, science, medicine, banking and trading in fine goods. There was a sizable Jewish population in Laodicea, however the church at Laodicea was not persecuted by the Romans or the Jews in Laodicea. This was due to the healthy economy and the ease of life in Laodicea. Where there is an even distribution of prosperity there is usually peace among the citizenry.
  4. During Nero’s reign, the city was completely destroyed by an earthquake. The city was so prosperous the people rebuilt it was not taking any loans or aid from the Empire.
  5. The Church at Laodicea was known by the Apostle Paul, evangelized by Epaphras (Colossians 4:12), and is also credited as being led by a female Pastor named Nymphas (Colossians 4:15). Paul wrote a letter to the Laodiceans and unfortunately it has been lost (Colossians 4:16). Apparently the Holy Spirit decided it was not worthy to be Cannon.


Revelation 3:14

  1. The words of the AMEN – Surely, truly or of a truth – Vines Dictionary Comments: The word “amen” is a most remarkable word. It was transliterated directly from the Hebrew into the Greek of the New Testament, then into Latin and into English and many other languages, so that it is practically a universal word. It has been called the best known word in human speech. The word is directly related — in fact, almost identical — to the Hebrew word for “believe” (amam), or faithful. Thus, it came to mean “sure” or “truly”, an expression of absolute trust and confidence – Jesus can be absolutely trusted and the Word of His mouth is pure VERITAS.
  2. Faithful and true witness – Jesus was faithful in representing the heart of Father, Jesus was faithful in obeying the Law, as He was the Word made flesh. Jesus was faithful to obey the Father and endure the sufferings of the cross, Jesus was faithful to demonstrate the Kingdom of God and the manifestation of its rule by healing the sick, raising the dead, casting out demons, teaching its truth and showing mercy to those in sin.
  3. Ruler of God’s creation – Matthew 28:18-20 – All authority has been given to Jesus on heaven and on earth. At His Name every knee will bow and every tongue will confess He is Lord. I believe sometimes we discount the authority that Jesus possess and rob ourselves of benefits of the Kingdom that are rightfully ours as heirs of the kingdom and children of God.
  4. Jesus is addressing this church with the full authority of the One whose Word carries finality and power.


Revelation 3:15-16

  1. This is a play on words. The water supply of Laodicea was from a hot springs about 5 miles south of the city. Archeologists have mapped the aqueduct and determined that the water must have been very hard, and lukewarm by the time it reached the city. The Greek Geographer Strabo noted that water was very hard, but drinkable.
  2. Jesus uses the play on words to describe the spiritual condition of their deeds. The Greek word for deeds, ERGON that which one is employed by, or business, or that which one undertakes to do. This church was lacking in the area of authenticity in worship and faith works.
  3. Jesus used the metaphor of spitting them out – Greek EMEO – to vomit – worship that is feigned, and faith works with no faith do not minister to Jesus. Romans 12 describes the sacrifices of the Beloved in Jesus, as being holy and pleasing to Him. Romans12:1-3

Revelation 3:17-18

  1. The Church at Laodicea had tremendous wealth and resources compared to the other 6 churches of the region. Their attitude was one of self-dependence and not dependence on Jesus. The charge was that they declared they did “not need a thing”. We can have tremendous blessing and prosperity and be thankful and dependent on Jesus. Jesus is not preaching poverty to the Laodiceans, but dependence.
  2. We have the second play on words in verse 17. The medical school in Laodicea was famous for Coryllium, an eye salve that was used to heal the eyes from disease. Apparently this church was had no anointing of illumination and revelation. Ephesians1:18-23
  3. In Christ we are forgiven, covered, provided for, blessed, loved, and benefitted in amazing ways. The denial of these truths by this church left them in spiritual lack. They were becoming spiritually bankrupt by denying their need for Jesus and their lack of intimacy in loving Him.
  4. The third play on words is in regards to them being naked. Laodicea was famous for producing beautiful black wool that used for fine clothing. Jesus offers them white clothes, as symbols of the purity they can have in Him.
  5. Jesus possess the wealth that makes people prosperous in soul. Gold refined in the fire is a metaphor for the wealth of revelation that comes from the Flame of God, the Holy Spirit. Fire is also a metaphor for the passion of God, and His flaming heart of love for His people. Jesus wants this church to know Him passionately.

Revelation 3:19

  1. Those I love – PHILEO – Greek – to love, approve of, to like, to sanction, to treat kindly, or affectionately, to welcome, to befriend, to show signs of love, to kiss, to be fond of doing, to be wont – Jesus loves us too much to abandon us to a wayward path.
  2. Hebrews 12:10-11 – The discipline of God is NOT God creating tragedies, illness and calamities as means of bringing us back to Him. The root word for discipline here is Greek – PAIDEIA – the whole training and education of a child including moral training, cultivation of the mind, moral correction and admonition, and the care of the body. No parent uses evil to teach and train children. That is a crime called child abuse!
  3. We can expect the Lord to train us to become like Himself. Jesus asks the Laodicean church to be zealous Greek – ZELEUO- to be jealous or full of zeal. To repent – to change one’s mind!
  4. The believer in Christ can make the decision of the heart to be taught by God, the most loving, kind, forgiving, merciful, and gracious being; One in whom there is no darkness at all.

Revelation 3:20

  1. Jesus stands at the door of the heart and knocks. The Laodicean Church is being offered the first of 2 amazing promises for repentance. Jesus would dine with us – this being the metaphor for intimate friendship. What is it like to feast on Jesus and be nourished by what He gives us? He is the Bread of Life and the Living Water!

Revelation 3:21

  1. This is the second amazing promise – Jesus will give us the grace of authority and the grace to sit on the throne with Him. Ephesians 2:6 and Colossians 3:1 teach that we are seated with Christ in heavenly realms.
  2. Being seated with Christ also means we are resting in His finished work of salvation. Jesus completed all that was necessary in terms of obtaining salvation for the whole world. He is seated in holy authority and ruling power over everything. Romans 8 says we are more than conquerors, and inseparable from His love, when we are resting in Christ.

Revelation 3:22

  1. Every believer in Jesus Christ is equipped to hear what the Spirit says as we have the Holy Spirit residing in us. Through the Holy Spirit we have access to see and hear what God communicates to us.

Source Material:

Michele Murray – Gentile Christians and Judaizing in the First and Second Centuries

  1. Davis Dean – The Revelation of Jesus Christ

Blue Letter


Charles Taylor – Commentary on the Book of Revelation

George Eldon Ladd – Commentary on the Book of Revelation

George Eldon Ladd – The Gospel of the Kingdom

Loraine Boettner – The Millenium

Harold Eberle – Victorious Eschatology

Holman Bible Dictionary

Strongs Concordance

NIV – Interlinear Greek New Testament

NASB – Interlinear Greek New Testament

Jonathan Welton – Raptureless

George Peter Holford – The Destruction of Jerusalem


Rapture Fever – Gary North

The Prophets Dictionary – Price

Early Christian Martyr Stories – Bryan M. Litfin

Vines Expository Bible Dictionary

Real Presence InCommunion

Communion & Healing Service

Real Presence

Rob Covell



As we take Communion together this morning, I want to bring to our attention some truths in the Scriptures and a teaching of the Early Church that will raise our faith level this morning for healing and encountering Jesus in the grace of taking Communion. It is not simply a memorial of the cross, but it is the celebration of and the participation in the best covenant that God made with humanity thru the death and resurrection of Jesus; we call the New Covenant. There are graces and benefits transferred to us when we as we commune with Jesus at this table.

One of the most beautiful doctrines of the early church is called the Theology of the Real Presence or the Pneumatic Presence. This teaching has encouraged many throughout church history into the place of encountering Jesus in the sacrament of Communion. The Early Church taught that the one who takes Communion encounters the Real Person of Jesus Christ through the presence of the Holy Spirit; and when we take Communion, our encounter with Jesus is only limited by the faith we exert when we take it.

The Early Church Father Augustine said, “that “no one bears away from this Sacrament more than is gathered with the vessel of faith”, “The flesh and blood of Christ are no less truly given to the unworthy than to God’s elect believers”.

The Reformer John Calvin said, “But those who partake by faith receive benefit from Christ, and the unbelieving are condemned by partaking. By faith (not a mere mental apprehension), and in the Holy Spirit, the partaker beholds God incarnate, and in the same sense touches him with hands, so that by eating and drinking of bread and wine Christ’s presence penetrates to the heart of the believer more nearly than food swallowed with the mouth can enter in.”


The Early Church Father Irenaeus said, “Jesus taught a new sacrifice which the Church received from the Apostles and offers throughout the whole world.”

I want to encourage us this morning in regards to our faith for encountering Jesus and the benefits of His sacrifice for us on the cross. Jesus was the One and Only sacrifice that ended all other sacrifices for sin, peace offerings and healing. What benefit do you need from Christ today? Come to the table and receive grace on grace from Him. As we exert corporate faith for encountering Jesus in Communion, the supernatural graces of God operate at high levels because of our expectation of them to manifest in our midst.

Isaiah 53:4-5

Surely our griefs He Himself bore, And our sorrows He carried; Yet we ourselves esteemed Him stricken, Smitten of God, and afflicted.

  1. Griefs – Hebrew – CHOLIY – literal sickness
  2. Sorrows – Hebrew – MAKOVE – Physical pain and mental pain
  3. Stricken – to reach out and punch,  – Smitten – to beat, kill, or slay – Afflicted – to put down, to be humbled  – NAGA NAKAH ELOHIYM ANAH

But He was pierced through for our transgressions, He was crushed for our iniquities; The chastening for our well-being fell upon Him, And by His scourging we are healed

  1. Transgressions – PESHA –  Rebellion against God
  2. Iniquities – AVON – Perversity, depravity, guilt
  3. Chastening for our peace – Shalom – completeness, safety and soundness in our body, wealth, prosperity, health, peace of mind, peace in relationships, friendships, and peace from warring.
  4. Healed – RAPHA – To heal or to make beautiful, to heal individual distresses, to heal national hurts

Matthew in his gospel connects this prophesy to Jesus in Matthew 8:16-17.

Matthew 8:16-17

When evening came, many who were demon-possessed were brought to him, and he drove out the spirits with a word and healed all the sick.

This was to fulfill what was spoken through the prophet Isaiah: “He took up our infirmities and bore our diseases.”

  1. We see healing and freedom from the enemy connected to identity of Jesus.

In Matthew 26:26-28 Jesus describes the type of covenant He made with us when He paid for our healing on the cross.

Matthew 26:26-28

While they were eating, Jesus took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it and gave it to his disciples, saying, “Take and eat; this is my body.”

This is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins. He took a cup, and when he had given thanks, he gave it to them, saying, “Drink from it, all of you.”

  1. Jesus gave us the bread and wine, as vehicles of the mystical union we have with Him. Spiritually we are one with Him. In Communion we encounter the covenant of forgiveness and by the power if faith we receive all of the benefits of this covenant.

As we continue in worship this morning, I want to encourage you take Communion as the Lord leads you. Take Communion with a faith expectation that you will be healed, blessed, and be made whole today. Expect an encounter with Jesus today, to hear His voice, to sense His touch, and receive His grace for your lives.

If you want personal prayer and prophesy this morning, we will have Encounter Teams minister to you on each side of the room.