Foundations – Week 6 – Naturally Supernatural – Rob Covell

Foundations Series

Week 6

Naturally Supernatural

Acts 4:23-33

Rob Covell
Introduction – Naturally Supernatural

Every community or tribe of people have unique qualities that define them as a culture, and those things come from corporate agreement. During the course of this series we are going look at the following subjects that make Refuge Tribe unique and defines our unique expression of faith. Our Foundations Series this summer, will focus us as a faith community into these things, awaken the inner spiritual life to walk them out.
1 – The Goodness of God

2 – Dominion Mandate

3 – Supernatural Lifestyle

4 – A Culture of Love and Honor

In this Session we will look at the ministry of the Holy Spirit, and unpack the reality of what it means to be sealed, anointed and empowered by the Holy Spirit and live naturally supernatural. I want to share with you some verses that point us to this truth.

The love of God is experienced through the Holy Spirit Romans 5:5 – and hope does not disappoint, because the love of God has been poured out within our hearts through the Holy Spirit who was given to us.

The Holy Spirit is in us – He is the Person of the Trinity who is most present with us today  1 Corinthians 6:19  Or do you not know that your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit who is in you, whom you have from God, and that you are not your own? 2 Timothy 1:14  Guard, through the Holy Spirit who dwells in us, the treasure which has been entrusted to you.
We have fellowship with the Holy Spirit  2 Corinthians 13:14 The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit, be with you all.

The gospel is preached with power by the Holy Spirit  1 Thessalonians 2:5 for our gospel did not come to you in word only, but also in power and in the Holy Spirit and with full conviction; just as you know what kind of men we proved to be among you for your sake. Hebrews 2:4  God also testifying with them, both by signs and wonders and by various miracles and by gifts of the Holy Spirit according to His own will.

We are sealed for salvation by the Holy Spirit  Ephesians 1:13  In Him, you also, after listening to the message of truth, the gospel of your salvation—having also believed, you were sealed in Him with the Holy Spirit of promise,

All of us have a supernatural gift from the Holy Spirit  1 Corinthians 12:7-11 But to each one is given the manifestation of the Spirit for the common good. For to one is given the word of wisdom through the Spirit, and to another the word of knowledge according to the same Spirit; to another faith by the same Spirit, and to another gifts of healing by the one Spirit, and to another the effecting of miracles, and to another prophecy, and to another the distinguishing of spirits, to another various kinds of tongues, and to another the interpretation of tongues. But one and the same Spirit works all these things, distributing to each one individually just as He wills.

These verses by no means are a comprehensive exegesis of all of the ministry of the Holy Spirit. But I thought that mentioning these verse would encourage us to begin to cultivate the paradigm that we all have access to walk out our lives in a supernatural flow.

At Refuge we desire and honor the ministry of the Holy Spirit, and our mission as a Body of Christ, is to host His presence and experience His love, revelation, gifts, signs and wonders. We can look back and see another community of believers in Acts 4 that operated with the same desire and saw tremendous growth, miracles, signs and wonders, and experienced a victorious life.
Acts 4:23

a) Peter and John had been released from spending the night in jail for healing the man at the Gate called Beautiful at the Temple. God used this miracle to preach the message of Jesus, Messiah, and bring them into the presence of the very ones who condemned Jesus to testify and offer repentance to them. Eventually their disobedience to God resulted in the destruction of Jerusalem in AD70.

Acts 4:24

a) This Church strengthened themselves in God, and appealed to heaven.

b) The Greek does not say “raised their voices in prayer”, but says, lifted their voices in one accord to God. The word for one accord is HOMOTHYMADON, which means one mind, one accord and one passion. Prayer is assumed in our translations because they lifted their voices to God. But we can see prayer in unity, passion, worship, and praise.

c) We see worshipful prayer as this Church approaches God in the place of reverence, holiness and awe. The title Sovereign God/God Almighty, is the recognition of His transcendence, and power as Creator God. If this God is in you and with you, who can be against you?

Acts 4:25-26

a) The Church prays the Word of God, Psalm 2, and declares that all who stand against the Church are standing in the place of a sure defeat. This Church was rooted in identity of who they are as God’s very own beloved.

Acts 4:27-28

a) It was the design and plan of God for Jesus to suffer for sin as the Lamb of God. Jesus is the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.

b) This truth communicates the incredible and unfathomable love of God for people. In His foreknowledge of the Fall, He still determined to create humankind in His image for the sake of Love.

Acts 4:29

a) Instead of deliverance from the persecution of their enemies, the Church asks for boldness. Greek for boldness – PARRĒSIA – freedom in speaking, unreservedness in speech, free and fearless confidence, cheerful courage, boldness, assurance

b) They are asking to be free from the fear of man.

c) They call themselves servants – Greek – DOULOS – a slave, bondman, man of servile condition, metaph., one who gives himself up to another’s will those whose service is used by Christ in extending and advancing his cause among men, devoted to another to the disregard of one’s own interests

Acts 4:30

a) The Church wages war in the love. They did not ask God to destroy to but to heal and work signs and wonders through His Church. A gospel that is devoid of power is not the true gospel. We can never settle for a form of religion with no power.

b) They ask for healing – Greek – IASIS – to cure or provide a healing

c) They ask for signs – SĒMEION – of miracles and wonders by which God authenticates the men sent by him, or by which men prove that the cause they are pleading is God’s

d) They ask for wonders – Greek – TERAS – a prodigy, portent, miracle: performed by any one e) Through the Name of Jesus – In ancient culture the name of someone revealed their identity and communicated what they were about. In this case, we see a connection of Jesus to the Divine Name of God. Philippians 2:9 – For this reason also, God highly exalted Him, and bestowed on Him the name which is above every name,

Acts 4:31

a) The Lord confirmed their prayer with a manifestation. Manifestations of the Holy Spirit confirm His presence and confirm in us that we are being touched by Him.

b) They were filled – Greek – PIMPLĒMI – to be fulfilled and to be full  c) It is interesting to note that even though we are sealed and indwelt by the Holy Spirit, we can still have an external experience with the Holy Spirit in which He come and fills us.

Acts 32-33

a) Generosity and unity are confirmations that we are a Holy Spirit led community. It is interesting to note that the word for Common in the Greek is also synonymous with something being Levitically unclean. The thought here is that possessions of this life are not sacred but to be used as one has need.

b) The apostles operated in MEGAS DYNAMIS – Mega Power! These power demonstration proved and pointed to the truth of the resurrection of Jesus. Again we have the message of Jesus Christ connected to a power demonstration.

c) Much grace or abundant grace was on them – MEGAS CHARIS – that which affords joy, pleasure, delight, sweetness, charm, loveliness: grace of speech, good will, loving-kindness, favor, of the merciful kindness by which God, exerting his holy influence upon souls, turns them to Christ, keeps, strengthens, increases them in Christian faith, knowledge, affection, and kindles them to the exercise of the Christian virtues, the spiritual condition of one governed by the power of divine grace

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The Revelation of Hope – Revelation 16:8-15 – Week 32 – Rob Covell

The Revelation of Hope

Revelation 16:8-15

Week 32

Rob Covell

Introduction –  In this Session we will continue in Revelation Chapter 16 which provides us the details of each of the Bowl Judgments in sharp and detailed figurative language that causes us to recognize the seriousness of rejecting Messiah by the unbelieving Jews and the persecutors of the Roman Empire.

It is interesting to contrast the Bowl Judgments to the Trumpet Judgments, as the Trumpet Judgments were signified by thirds and the Bowl Judgments are described in terms of finality. This points us to the truth that the Lord God is patient and gives all people significant time to repent/change their minds about Him. 2 Peter 3:9 – The Lord is not slow about His promise, as some count slowness, but is patient toward you, not wishing for any to perish but for all to come to repentance.

It is also important for us to see the parallelism between the Lord’s judgments of Egypt when He delivered the Israelites from oppression, and the Bowl Judgments Revelation 16. This parallelism points to 2 truths concerning the Bowl Judgment Cycle of 7.

1 – The Bowl Judgments will bring freedom for the ones being oppressed.

2 – The commands/decrees of God have the power to accomplish what has been decreed or commanded. There is power and finality in His word.

Lastly, the 7 Bowl Judgment cycle of Revelation 16 is a narrative that is a wide panoramic view of the judgment of Jerusalem, and the Roman Empire.

Revelation 16:8-9

a. The fourth angel poured out his Bowl on the sun. The word in the Greek for sun is HELIOS – the sun, rays of the sun, or the light of day.

b. The Greek text does not use the phrase “power to scorch people”. The text says “and it was given it to scorch people with fire”.

c. This exposure of the sun references the Exodus 13:21-22 when the Israelites were shielded from the heat of the day on their 40 year desert wanderings. Later in Scripture the metaphor of not being harmed by the sun, or “to be shielded from the sun” is symbolism that references the blessing of being covered by the Lord and under the protection of His glory-cloud or the shadow of His presence. See Psalm 121:5-7, Isaiah 49:10, Jeremiah 17:7-8. We can see from these verses that the clear understanding to be shielded from the sun is to be understood as metaphor.

d. In the last session we learned that the Greek word for Plague – PLĒGĒ – meant “blow, stripe, wound or public calamity, not a disease or outbreak of disease. So the context of the plague is to be viewed as a punishment per the Covenant
blessings and curses in Deuteronomy 28.

e. The proper interpretation of verse 8-9 is that God’s blessing and covering has been removed and that the people who have rejected Messiah are open and exposed to the consequences of being outside the blessing and covering of God. Just as HELIOS references the light of day, the light of God’s word can either be a blessed revelation or illumination, or it can be a light that convicts and pressures the soul with the heat of its power. Verse 9 makes it clear that as Jerusalem suffered during its destruction, the religious leadership did not repent for their crucifixion of God’s Son, Jesus. The Greek word for repent is METANOEŌ – to change one’s mind, i.e. to repent, to change one’s mind for better, heartily to amend with abhorrence of one’s past sins. We learned in past sessions about all of the supernatural signs that Josephus documented that took place at the Temple in Jerusalem from the resurrection of Jesus its destruction by Titus in AD 70; warning the Priesthood and religious leadership of Jerusalem to amend their ways before God.  Even during the pressure of the siege and the pending destruction of the Temple, the Priesthood still did not consider that the message of the Church in Jerusalem was true.

f. It is also important that at the end of the siege of Jerusalem, much of the city was consumed by fire, and specifically the Temple Mount was burned to the ground and what was left of the Temple was broke down and plowed under.

Revelation 16:10-11

a. The next 3 Bowl Judgments are directed at the political entities that were enemies to the Lord and His Church. The fifth Bowl is directed at the throne of the beast. This is speaking of the generic beast (Roman Empire) as well as the specific beast Nero, who was the Roman Emperor at that time.

b. As we learned in an earlier session the metaphor for being darkened refers to the fall of kingdoms that are under God’s judgment. We can reference Isaiah 13:9-10 (against Babylon) and Ezekiel 32:7-8 (against Egypt) as examples.

c. After the suicide of Nero in June of AD 68, the Roman Empire was leaderless and was plunged into revolution. Below are some quotes from historians concerning those darkened days. FW Farrar writes, “The horrors inflicted upon Rome and Romans in the civil wars by provincial governors – already symbolized as the horns of the Wild Beast, and here characterized as kings yet kingdomless. Such were Galba, Otho, Vitellius, and Vespasian. Vespasian and Mucianus deliberately planned to starve the Roman populace; and in the fierce struggle of the Vitellians against Sabinus and Domitian, and the massacre which followed, there occurred the event which sounded so portentously in the ears of every Roman – the burning to the ground of the Temple of the Capitoline Jupiter, on December 19th, A.D. 69. It was not the least of the signs of the times that the space of one year saw wrapped in flames the two most hallowed shrines of the ancient world – the Temple of Jerusalem and the Temple of the great Latin god.” The Roman historian Tacitus who was alive during this time writes, “The whole city presented a frightful caricature of its normal self: fighting and casualties at one point, baths and restaurants at another, here the spilling of blood and the litter of dead bodies, close by prostitutes and their like – all the vice associated
with a life of idleness and pleasure, all the dreadful deeds typical of a pitiless sack. These were so intimately linked that an observer would have thought Rome in the grip of a simultaneous orgy of violence and dissipation. There had indeed been times in the past when armies had fought inside the city, twice when Lucius Sulla gained control, and once under Cinna. No less cruelty had been displayed then, but now there was a brutish indifference, and not even a momentary interruption in the pursuit of pleasure”. d. The reference to men gnawing their tongues is a reference to be choking for air.

e. The interpretation of verses 8-9 is the throne of the beast, the Roman Empire at that time, was plunged into darkness, and the corrupted/ulcerous Roman society suffered for its persecution of the Church and did not consider responding to the grace of the God in the message of the Church, but pursued its paganism.

Revelation 16:12

a. This is a really fun verse to exegete. In our Session on Revelation 9:4, we learned that the Northern border of Israel, the Euphrates, was always the place where the enemies of God’s people would invade the land. We have the examples in Scripture of the Babylonians being the enemies from the North that the Lord used to punish the land of Judea for its spiritual adultery. The prophetic books of Isaiah and Jeremiah outline these thoughts in detail.

b. In history, Cyrus and his army actually diverted the flow of the Euphrates and took Babylon by travelling up the riverbed on “dry ground”. Other ancient armies used the same tactic to cross their massive armies over the Euphrates.

c. It is not a coincidence that thousands of men from Titus’ army came from the Euphrates to invade Judea and siege Jerusalem.

Revelation 16:13-14

a.  In verse 13 we see a parallel to the plague of frogs in Exodus 8:1-7. It is also important to note that frogs are unclean animals to eat according to the Law. So these deceiving spirits are rightly described as unclean by the metaphor of a frog.

b. These demon frogs come from the mouth of the dragon/satan, the mouth of the beast who is empowered by satan (Rome and its Emperors, and the mouth of the false prophet (The High Priest and the Elders of Jerusalem) who swore allegiance to the beast in John 19:15, and declared the blood of Jesus would be on them and their children (Matt 27:25). In this we see satan as a grand manipulator of the ungodly world systems. It is the mission of the Church to exert influence on these systems and bring a redemption as the salt and light of the world.

c. It is also important to note that “miraculous signs” as found in the NIV and other translations is wanting. The Greek word for signs is SEMEION – which means “a sign, mark token, or that by which a person or thing is distinguished from other and is known”. What is being said here is that the message of these demons is easily seen and their counsel unifies the wicked rulers of the age.

d. The Greek word for “whole world” is OIKOUMENE – which means the civilized world controlled by the Roman Empire at that time, not the entire globe. At that time the Roman Empire was ruled by the Caesar, and the 10 provinces of the
Roman Empire were ruled by lesser kings. King Herod was one of them. The provinces ruled by these kings dedicated troops and resources to the conquest of Judea and Jerusalem. Josephus in his Antiquities documents this.  e. The day of the Lord is twofold. In Joel chapters 1 and 2, we see the Day of Lord as a reference to the invading Babylonian Army as well as a future eschatological event. The day of the Lord is always a day of darkness, judgment and destruction. Jerusalem suffered a “day of the Lord” when it was conquered by Babylon, and suffered another one at the destruction on AD 70. The title God Almighty is used in Joel as well. This brings our focus to the truth that God is the only true God and Sovereign in the universe He created. We also see that the day of the Lord also refers to the end of the age when Jesus returns and overthrows all ungodliness and establishes His unhindered reign on the earth. We can see this in Revelation 19.

f. What we see in verses 13-14 is a historical fulfillment and a future promise of fulfillment at the return of Jesus Christ. Paul writes about this in detail in 2 Thessalonians 2:7-12, as he describes the deception of those who reject Jesus in all ages as well as at the end of the age when He returns.

Revelation 16:15

a. Verse 15 is an interjection of the voice of Jesus to the Church to stay vigilant and awake in the place of prayer and aware of His presence in their lives. Jesus also makes an emphasis on the nature of His coming. That is a suddenly, that is surprising. Surprising in a positive to those who are awake, surprising in a negative sense for those who do not consider Him.

b. Keeping clothed speaks of staying under the protective covering of Jesus Christ so that we are not exposed to the shame of unfaithfulness. Jesus used similar language when He addressed the Laodicean church in Revelation 3:18, and used a play on words to describe the state of spiritual unfaithfulness in the Laodicean Church. Laodicea was famous for its fine clothing.  c. It is interesting to note that those Levites who had watch over the Temple at night were lit on fire if they were caught sleeping twice. The metaphor for this was that one was caught unaware like being robbed by a thief in the night, and as their clothing burned they had to shed it in order to not get injured and thus were found naked. This is a well-documented practice in the time of Jesus.

d. The thought here is that we should not be caught in a temporary state of unfaithfulness when Jesus is revealed. The verse here is not teaching an eternal condemnation for those who lapse, but a very embarrassing exposure of the shame of not being in devotion to Jesus when He returns for His Bride who should be white and clean and mature.

e. Being awake, clothed and covered with Jesus is always the place of blessing, grace and favor in our lives.

Source Material:

Don Walker – The Beast of Revelation White Paper  Josephus.org David Chilton – Days of Vengeance
The Apocalypse Code – Hank Hanegraaff   G. Davis Dean – The Revelation of Jesus Christ  Blue Letter Bible.com  Preterist Archive.com Charles Taylor – Commentary on the Book of Revelation  George Eldon Ladd – Commentary on the Book of Revelation George Eldon Ladd – The Gospel of the Kingdom Loraine Boettner – The Millenium  Harold Eberle – Victorious Eschatology  Holman Bible Dictionary  Strongs Concordance  NIV – Interlinear Greek New Testament-  NASB – Interlinear Greek New Testament  Jonathan Welton – Raptureless  George Peter Holford – The Destruction of Jerusalem  Wikipedia  Rapture Fever – Gary North  The Prophets Dictionary – Price  Vines Expository Bible Dictionary

The Revelation of Hope – Revelation 16:1-7 – Week 31 – Rob Covell

The Revelation of Hope

Revelation 16:1-7

Week 31

Rob Covell

Introduction –  In this Session we will begin Revelation Chapter 16 which provides us the details of each of the Bowl Judgments in sharp and detailed figurative language that causes us to recognize the seriousness of rejecting Messiah by the unbelieving Jews and the persecutors of the Roman Empire.

It is interesting to contrast the Bowl Judgments to the Trumpet Judgments, as the Trumpet Judgments were signified by thirds and the Bowl Judgments are described in terms of finality. This points us to the truth that the Lord God is patient and gives all people significant time to repent/change their minds about Him. 2 Peter 3:9 – The Lord is not slow about His promise, as some count slowness, but is patient toward you, not wishing for any to perish but for all to come to repentance.

It is also important for us to see the parallelism between the Lord’s judgments of Egypt when He delivered the Israelites from oppression, and the Bowl Judgments Revelation 16. This parallelism points to 2 truths concerning the Bowl Judgment Cycle of 7.

1 – The Bowl Judgments will bring freedom for the ones being oppressed.

2 – The commands/decrees of God have the power to accomplish what has been decreed or commanded. There is power and finality in His word.
Lastly, the 7 Bowl Judgment cycle of Revelation 16 is a narrative that is a wide panoramic view of the judgment of Jerusalem, and the Roman Empire.

Revelation 16:1

a) The voice from the temple in heaven is God’s voice. In Revelation 15:8 we are told that the temple in heaven was filled with smoke from God’s power and His glory.

b) The angels hear the command and begin to move in their ministries as deliverers of God’s wrath. Greek – Wrath – THYMOS – passion, angry, heat, anger forthwith boiling up and soon subsiding again – It is important to recognize the brevity of God’s anger in regards to Judgment. The Lord does not hold grudges, act torturously or unmercifully. The Scriptures tell us that God’s anger is for a moment. Psalm 30:5 – For His anger is but for a moment,  His favor is for a lifetime;  Weeping may last for the night,  But a shout of joy comes in the morning.

Revelation 16:2  a) The Bowl Judgment of the sores parallels Exodus 9:8-12. This points us the revelation of God acting on behalf of His people as Deliverer, Avenger, and a Sovereign.

b) It is important to point out that we are interpreting spiritual symbols that are meant to point to the hearer/reader to spiritual concepts and truth. It is a mistake to interpret these verses in a literal interpretation because we would completely miss the truth that is being communicated to us by the symbol.

c) I want to point our attention to the word for word translation of the Greek. – So the first poured out his bowl on the land and it became a loathsome and malignant sore on the people who had the mark of the beast and who worshiped his image. This is an entirely different meaning than many of our translations translate this verse. The best translation is the NASB version.

d) Land – Greek GE – a regional, local area, arable land, etc. The land in view here is not the entirety of the planet, but the land of Judea that is being judged for its rejection of Messiah. The land became loathsome because it had become corrupt by shedding the blood of the martyrs of the Church and its Savior, Jesus Christ. Loathsome in Greek – KAKOS – of a bad nature – not such as it ought to be – of a mode of thinking, feeling, acting – base, wrong, wicked – It is irony that the land that was intended to glorify God became like Sodom. See Revelation 11:8

e) Malignant – Greek – PONĒROS -full of labours, annoyances, hardships –  pressed and harassed by labours -in a physical sense: diseased or blind –  in an ethical sense: evil wicked, bad –

f) Sore – Greek – HELKOS – a wound producing puss/ulcer

g) The people who had the mark of the beast and his name – The Chief Priest at Jesus’ trial declared he had no other king than Caesar, and the people of the land declared that Jesus; blood would be on them and their children.

h) We also have a contrast between the people of swear allegiance to the beast and those who swear allegiance to the Lamb. Those who worship the Lamb have rest, presence, and eternal life. Those who worship the beast have agony and everlasting torment in the spiritual sense.

i) We can rightly summarize this verse by saying the land of Judea had become of a bad nature, wicked and not as it ought to be by turning from God and aligning itself with the inferior kingdom of Caesar, and the people would suffer an incurable wound that they could not be delivered from. Josephus gives many examples in hid histories of the corruption, death, and spiritual adultery of Jerusalem.

Revelation 16:3-6

a) As this second and third angel poured out their bowls we see a parallel between this judgment and Exodus 7:17-21 when the water of the Nile become blood and brought death to the river. The Nile was a conduit of commerce, health and provision for Egypt. The Nile also was represented by the false God Hapi which was represented as an intersex being who was depicted by male and female traits.

b) Sea in Scripture is a metaphor for masses of people. We have discussed this previous sessions so we will spend much time expounding this. We will reference Genesis 32:12, Isaiah 11:9, Isaiah 57:20, and Jeremiah 6:23. There are many other Scripture references that use the sea as a metaphor for masses of people.

c) We could interpret the symbolism of this verses by saying that this angel poured out a judgment on the mass of people who rejected Jesus Christ as Messiah, and were judged by having to give account for the blood of the righteous being shed in it. Matthew 23:34-36 – “Therefore, behold, I am sending you prophets and wise men and scribes; some of them you will kill and crucify, and some of them you will scourge in your synagogues, and persecute from city to city, so that upon you may fall the guilt of all the righteous blood shed on earth, from the blood of righteous Abel to the blood of Zechariah, the son of Berechiah, whom you murdered between the temple and the altar. “Truly I say to you, all these things will come upon this generation.

d) It is important to note historically that during the siege the water of Jerusalem became undrinkable by the filth, dead bodies and stoppage by the Roman Army sieging Jerusalem. History gives us the account of Titus putting pressure on the water supplies into the city and stopping the flow of water.

e) Just as the blood of the oppressed Israelites in Egypt was avenged by God, so the blood of Jesus, the prophets and the faithful was avenged in the destruction of Jerusalem. The Scriptures teach us that all innocent blood will be accounted for. Psalm 72:14 – He will rescue their life from oppression and violence,  And their blood will be precious in his sight;  Genesis 4:10 – He said, “What have you done? The voice of your brother’s blood is crying to Me from the ground

Revelation 16:7

a) It is interesting that the altar responds to the declaration of the angel that has charge over the waters.

b) An altar is the place where the sacrifice is offered. It is a sacred place and set apart for the worship of God.

c) The Old Covenant altar is devoid of life because it has been replaced by the true altar of the cross of Jesus Christ who is fulfillment of all Old Covenant offerings. The altar of cross has life therefore it speaks a better blood than any sacrifice. Hebrews 12:24

d) The judgments of God are true – Greek – ALĒTHINOS – that which has not only the name and resemblance, but the real nature corresponding to the name, in every respect corresponding to the idea signified by the name, real, true genuine – opposite to what is fictitious, counterfeit, imaginary, simulated or pretended

e) Just/Righteous – Greek – DIKAIOS – Innocent, perfect, and completely pure in regards to the nature of divine law

f) God is light and there is no darkness in Him. 1 John 1:5

Source Material:  Don Walker – The Beast of Revelation White Paper  Josephus.org David Chilton – Days of Vengeance  The Apocalypse Code – Hank Hanegraaff   G. Davis Dean – The Revelation of Jesus Christ  Blue Letter Bible.com  Preterist Archive.com Charles Taylor – Commentary on the Book of Revelation  George Eldon Ladd – Commentary on the Book of Revelation George Eldon Ladd – The Gospel of the Kingdom Loraine Boettner – The Millenium  Harold Eberle – Victorious Eschatology  Holman Bible Dictionary  Strongs Concordance  NIV – Interlinear Greek New Testament-  NASB – Interlinear Greek New Testament  Jonathan Welton – Raptureless  George Peter Holford – The Destruction of Jerusalem  Wikipedia  Rapture Fever – Gary North  The Prophets Dictionary – Price  Vines Expository Bible Dictionary

The Revelation of Hope – Week 30 – Revelation 15 – Rob Covell

The Revelation of Hope

Revelation 15:1-8

Week 30

Rob Covell
Introduction –

In this Session we will cover the whole of chapter 15, which is the introduction to the 7 Bowl Judgments. Chapter 15 is the onramp that invites us back into the throne room and from that vantage point we witness the glory of God, the purity of His nature and character; and lastly the heavenly perspective of the judgements of God. It is important to point out that the judgments of God are always perfect, pure, and the very essence of them are holy. The judgments of God are never unrighteous, cruel, unjustified, or unfair.

Before we move forward, I want us to look at the cross and examine the judgments of God toward sin, the judgments of God in relation the Fall, and the judgments of God on the rebellious, satan and his demons.
1 – The Judgments of God on sin – 2 Corinthians 5:21 – The Father imputed sin onto Jesus Christ in our behalf and judged sin through His Son.

2 – The Judgments of God in relation to the Fall – Romans 8:18-27 – Because of the Fall, the whole created order was bound to decay, but through the redemption of Jesus Christ creation is being restored in a limited manner now, and at the coming of Christ, it will be completely healed.

3 – The Judgments of God on the rebellious, satan and demons – Colossians 2:13-15 & Romans 2:5-6 – God will judge rebellious people and satan and his demons at the end when all things are summed up in Jesus Christ.

As we can see, 2 things are in view. The first, is that God provided a way to escape judgment by coming to His Son who stood in our place and became judgment for us. Even the effects of the Fall are healed by the Son. Jesus is remedy to the Fall in regards to paying the price for sin, healing the effects of sin, healing the creation and destroying the works of the devil.
The second thing is that the judgment occurs at the end of the age of grace/age of the New Covenant, showing us that God is patient and gives every opportunity to all to make a choice. I desire us to see the kindness and goodness of God in relation to His judgments, because from this vantage point we escape the opportunity to view God as punitive, angry, unloving, and harsh.

Outline of Revelation 15

1 – The Second Sign in Heaven – The last judgments are announced – Rev 15:1

2 – The Faithful before the Throne – Rev 15:2

3 – The Song of Moses and The Lamb – The nature and character of God are extoled Rev 15:3-4

4 – The Tabernacle in Heaven Opened – Rev 15:5 5 – The Creature gives the Bowls to the Angels – Rev 15:7

6 – The Temple in Heaven filled with Smoke from the Glory of God and His Power – Rev 15:8

Revelation 15:1

a) This is the second great sign in heaven that John had observed in his vision. The first was in Revelation 12. Each of these great signs sections highlight to us a macro view of spiritual truth concerning God’s ability to deliver His people, judge His enemies, and display His glory. Therefore when hear the “great sign in heaven” language, we should expect to see a wide panoramic view of concerning a spiritual concept. In this case we observe a wide panoramic view of judgements of God on Jerusalem, Rome, and the eventually all of the systems of the world.

b) We see a snap shot here of the mission of the 7 angels and the contents of their bowls. This last cycle of sevens is the most intense cycle of sevens and gives us heavens perspective in relation to the judgments of God. As I mentioned in previous studies, Revelation is cycle of 3 Sevens, separated by Interludes, telling the same narrative in varying degrees and perspectives.

c) It is important to consider the context of the Greek words for plagues and wrath, as this will help us interpret chapter 15. Plagues – Greek – PLĒGĒ- A blow, stripe or wound, a public calamity, or heavy affliction. We tend to view a plague as a disease. This is not the thought behind the Greek use of the word here. What is being highlighted here is that God will demonstrate His discipline against everything that resists His love.

d) Wrath – Greek – THYMOS – passion, angry, heat, anger forthwith boiling up and soon subsiding again – What we see is a description of God’s anger as being described as passionate, but short in duration. God is not petty and does not carry a grudge or judge with impunity.

e) God’s wrath is finished’/completed – This is not to be understood in the sense of finality, but in that these 7 bowls complete the judgment cycle of Jerusalem and the Roman Empire. The final day of judgement is the Great White Throne Judgment in Revelation 20:11 where entirety of humanity (individually) is called account for its deeds. Greek – TELEO – verb – to bring to a close, to perform, execute, complete, fulfil, (so that the thing done corresponds to what has been said, the order, command etc.) f) Seven – the number of completion, finality and rest.

Revelation 15:2

a) The sea of glass mixed with fire – This language takes back to the throne room in Revelation 4. This is the glorious place where the Godhead is revealed in glory, power and all of the majestic beauty of our Bridegroom God.

b) The ones in view have been victorious over the following. The first victory is over the beast. This would be the generic beast of the corrupt Roman Empire. The second victory is over the idolatry of the image of the beast. Which is victory over Emperor Worship, polytheism, spiritual adultery of every kind, and all idol worship or false representations of God. The third victory is over the number of the beast, which is the specific beast, Nero. Nero was the first to persecute the Church of Jesus Christ, and this third victory was received by remaining faithful to Jesus in the midst of it.

c) God gave them harps – God empowers His worshippers when they breakthrough in victory over the evil one. God rewards us with the ability to worship. Worship is the weapon of Church and the boast of the Church over our enemies.

Revelation 15:3 – first portion

a) The Song of Moses is found in Deuteronomy 31-34. The Song of Moses is a sung narrative about the True God, His Nature and Character, His Rebellious People, and His Judgment against Them.

b) The Song of the Lamb – Revelation 5:9-10 – The song of the Lamb is a sung narrative that sings the redemption of the cross, the New Covenant people from every tribe and nation, their priesthood and their victory.

c) What we see is the whole story of fallen Israel/Old Covenant contrasted to the faithful First Century saints who overcame the pressures on the early church. We too are invited into this reality as we walk out our faith in our personal callings and destinies in Jesus.

Revelation 15:3-4

a) Revelation 3 through 4 describe the glory of God, His purity, and position as being the only Potentate worthy of worship.  b) His deeds are marvelous – Your ways are true – Greek HODOS – a way travelled.  c) Who will not recognize Your identity as being the Uncreated Omnipotent God.  d) He is holy – totally set apart from His creation  e) All people will worship Him. All will confess Him at salivation or confess Him at Judgment.  f) All the things God does are pure and righteous

Revelation 15:5  a) The true tabernacle in heaven (the one Moses copied), is open. This is wonderful news because Christians have access to this intimate place of meeting the Lord face to face like Moses did. This was confirmed when the veil of the temple in Jerusalem was torn in two. See Matthew 27:51

Revelation 15:6

a) These seven angels are on assignment to carry out the 7 woundings/public calamities. These are priestly angels that serve in the heavenly temple. It is interesting to continue to see the vast variety of angels, and their multi-faceted purposes.

b) The imagery of the angels describes their mission – dressed in white – this speaks of their purity and holiness – Gold sashes around their chests – this speaks of their glory and their perfect fidelity to God.

Revelation 15:7

a) One of the Living Creatures gives the angels bowls – These would be like the earthly bowls that were used in the temple for pouring blood, etc.

b) These bowls contain the completion of God’s judgment on those who clung to the Old Testament and not to Jesus, as well as the destruction of Jerusalem and Rome.

c) God is described as eternal/self-existent. This is so important because as He is eternal, we become eternal by being in Him through Jesus Christ. The Eternal One has life in Himself and we can draw from that Life and benefit from that Life through our knowledge of Him.

Revelation 15:8

a) We are reminded of 2 Chronicles 7 at the dedication of the Temple when the priests were unable to minister because of the glory cloud and the fire from heaven.

b) The smoke came from the glory – Greek – DOXA – magnificence, excellence, preeminence, dignity, grace, a most glorious condition, most exalted state, of that condition with God the Father in heaven to which Christ was raised after he had achieved his work on earth

c) The smoke came from the Power – Greek – DYNAMIS – strength power, ability, inherent power, power residing in a thing by virtue of its nature, or which a person or thing exerts and puts forth, power for performing miracles, moral power and excellence of soul, the power and influence which belong to riches and wealth, power consisting in or resting upon armies, forces, hosts

d) What we see here is that even the judgments of God are glorious and display His goodness because they are rooted in truth. It was right for God to destroy the Old Covenant Temple system of worship because it denied His Son and the New Covenant that He established by His blood. It was also right for God to judge the Roman Empire for the blood of the martyrs of the early church.

Source Material:  Don Walker – The Beast of Revelation White Paper  Josephus.org David Chilton – Days of Vengeance  The Apocalypse Code – Hank Hanegraaff   G. Davis Dean – The Revelation of Jesus Christ  Blue Letter Bible.com  Preterist Archive.com Charles Taylor – Commentary on the Book of Revelation  George Eldon Ladd – Commentary on the Book of Revelation George Eldon Ladd – The Gospel of the Kingdom Loraine Boettner – The Millenium  Harold Eberle – Victorious Eschatology  Holman Bible Dictionary  Strongs Concordance  NIV – Interlinear Greek New Testament-  NASB – Interlinear Greek New Testament  Jonathan Welton – Raptureless  George Peter Holford – The Destruction of Jerusalem  Wikipedia  Rapture Fever – Gary North  The Prophets Dictionary – Price  Vines Expository Bible Dictionary

Foundations Series – Dominion Mandate – Week 5

Foundations Series

Week 5

Dominion Mandate

Rob Covell

Introduction – Dominion Mandate
Every community or tribe of people have unique qualities that define them as a people, and those things come from corporate agreement. During the course of this series we are going look at the following subjects that make Refuge Tribe unique and defines our unique expression of faith. Our Foundations Series this summer, will focus us as a faith community into these things, awaken the inner spiritual life to walk them out.

1 – The Goodness of God

2 – Dominion Mandate

3 – Supernatural Lifestyle

4 – A Culture of Love and Honor

In this Session will explore the foundational theology for thriving in your relationship with the Lord. The focus of this Session in our Foundations Series is present to you a teaching that will encourage you into a deeper experience with God in your every day walk with Him, and equip you to operate in God’s goodness so that others will be touched thru you. All teaching should be an onramp to an experience or at the very minimum create a hunger for an experience. The Scriptures say we move from glory to glory.

2 Corinthians 3:18
But we all, with unveiled face, beholding as in a mirror the glory of the Lord, are being transformed into the same image from glory to glory, just as from the Lord, the Spirit

The foundation we will lay today will focus primarily on God’s intention for humankind. When we understand from a heart level, God’s intentions for each one of us, we begin to experience a greater confidence in approaching Him in prayer, greater confidence in discerning His voice, and have an anchor for faith to be expressed in us.

What keeps us from walking with God as a friend? For some of us it might be fear. It may be a sense that we are unworthy, or full of sin. For some of us we may be angry with God over things that happened to us in the past. Or we may think that God is simply too unfathomable for us to even know Him, or that He may even be disinterested in us. My hope is that in this Session we remove every thought that would stumble us in our pursuit of the Lord.

God’s Kind Intentions for People

Genesis 1:26-28

a) The Lord creates mankind with unique qualities that reflect Himself. Hebrew – Image Tselem – resemblance – Likeness – Hebrew – Demuwth – similitude. So in some sense we reflect God in terms of morality, creativity, beauty, consciousness, free will, and many other manifold expressions of God in mankind. God created humanity with the most honor over all His creation. People inherently possess worth in God’s eyes.

b) Rule – Hebrew – Radah – Dominion, dominate, tread down, rule, and subjugate – We see from the definition of this word that mankind has a mandate from God as His highest created beings that we would be the vehicle for God’s wisdom to be expressed throughout the earth. This gives us the principle that God intended people mimic His Kingship by acting as emissaries over His creation. Man had been given realm to rule.

c) Blessed – Hebrew – Barak – to praise, to speak divine favor over – The Lord gave favor to accompany the mandate. This is in a sense the grace to carry out the mandate.  d) This concept is so important, that the Lord repeats the concept in verse 27 and 28.

e) This is original design for us before the fall of mankind, and is the reality that we look forward to in Jesus Christ as a redeemed humanity. This foundation sets the purpose for a Messiah.

The Fall and the Promise of a Second Adam

Genesis 3

a) Dominion Lost – Satan/Serpent/Enemy approached mankind and used deception and lies to challenge the goodness of God, and to attack the dominion mandate. Gen 3:1

b) Adam and Eve as representatives of God or possessors’ of God’s authority to rightfully rule, gave the authority to rule to the serpent/Satan. Gen 3:7

c) Mankind at that point before the fall, only had knowledge of good, purity, morality; basically we were perfect in reflecting the image of God. However thru the fall, the knowledge of evil entered into our consciousness.

d) God gave Adam and Eve freewill, so that they would have the choice to love God freely. Obedience to God is found in the ability to love God as a freewill choice. Love is a choice. God showed honor to man by granting freewill. God is not in control, but He is a place of ultimate authority. God did not child proof the garden.

e) God looked for them and sought them out, and did not reject them. He removed the coverings they made, and covered them Himself. The Lord slayed an innocent animal, and modeled the shed blood of an innocent to cover the sin guilt of transgressor. Gen 3:21 (LABASH-Hebrew – to cover, or to dress – verb)

f) The curse – The ground or earth realm was cursed, death is a curse, and the entrance of evil in fullness is death. The creation was cursed, that is to say that corruption entered into the creation, because now creation began to reflect its illegal authority which is Satan. So we see the source of evil in the world comes from Satan, not God. 1 John 1:5 God is light, in Him there is no darkness at all. God did not curse people, but the realm in which they had dominion.

g) The Serpent is cursed –  h) Messiah is promised – One who would rightly defeat the serpent, and reestablish the dominion. This would be Jesus Christ prophesied from the very beginning of salvation history. Romans 5:12-20 outlines this concept in a very direct way. 1 COR 15:22, 1 COR 15:46

Mandate Regained – God’s Covenant Process of Salvation

Understanding how God used the process of Covenants throughout salvation history, helps us understand the dynamic kingdom God that we live in today as believers of Jesus Christ. Jesus Christ regained the dominion from the enemy thru fulfilling the following demands that satisfied the Fathers need for righteousness and justice. So let’s look at how God brought about our being re-established to a dominion mandate as described in Genesis.

We will see that God moved in grace toward mankind throughout the Covenant process of salvation history, because God has always intended for people to relate to Him in terms of love, friendship and grace.

Adamic Covenant or Adam’s Mandate

Genesis 1:26-28

a) Grace based covenant – God as an act of His freewill, created Adam, as a representative of mankind, for relationship, and gave Him a destiny to reflect God’s character, morality, beauty, etc. Adam was empowered by God in being able to fulfill the mandate, because Adam new no sin at the point of creation.

Noahic Covenant Genesis 9

a) Grace based covenant – God chose Noah and his family and gave them a very similar mandate to Adam and Eve’s. God gave Noah a mandate to be fruitful and multiply, and God promised to sustain life on earth by not ever destroying the earth by a flood.

b) God gave Noah the animals and the resources of the earth to use as a blessing.

c) God’s only condition was that unrighteous bloodshed would be accounted for.
d) The Lord would relate to humankind in kindness. We have the establishment of the lines of generations that God would use to bring about the Head Crusher, Jesus.

Abrahamic Covenant  Genesis 15

a) Grace based covenant – God promised Abraham that we would be the father of a great nations, and all the nations of the earth would be blessed thru him.  b) Abraham did not have to do anything, but receive it by faith. God was the one who passed thru the covenant cut pieces, and ratified by Himself. This is a type and shadow of the covenant the Father and Jesus cut at the cross.

Mosaic Covenant – Old Covenant Exodus 19-20

a) Vassal Covenant – Exodus 19:6, the Lord tells the Israelite nation that He wants them to be a kingdom of priests and a holy nation. This is sounds like a grace based covenant. It was God’s intention that He would relate to the on an individual basis in a relationship.

b) Exodus 20:18-21 – The people rejected the offer, and decided to use a mediator to relate to God instead of embracing the grace based offer that God intended for them.

c) God honored their decision, and gave them a law that would frustrate them, and the law would be used a tutor to teach them, instead of the Lord Himself. Romans 3:20, Romans 5:20, Romans 7:7, Galatians 2:21, Galatians 3:19, Galatians 3:24, Hebrews 7:19, Hebrews 10:1,

d) The Mosaic Law contained blessings and curses. Blessings for good performance, curses for disobedience. The Law was punitive.

e) Vassal Covenant was a type of covenant between a King and conquered people or a submitted people. The people would have certain requirements that secured their protection or if the requirements were not met, then punishments would be given according to the transgression.

Davidic Covenant 2 Samuel 7:16

a) Grace based covenant – God promised that David would be made a great man.

b) David was promised he would have a descendant to rule on the throne forever. The concept of a Davidic Messiah was given.

c) Jesus was descended from David – Matthew 1, – The whole gospel of Matthew was written to be an apologetic to the Jews, to prove Jesus was the promised Son of David, the Messiah.

d) David did not need to do anything to receive the promise; it was given to him from the kindness of God.

New Covenant Promised

Jeremiah 31:33-34

a) Completely grace based –

b) God promises to forgive sins

c) God promises to give people the ability to relate to Him, as objects of His grace.
Jesus – The Covenant Keeper and Sacrifice

Matthew 26:26-29

a) Jesus – the Living Word/Torah fulfilled the Law, and all of its requirements. Jesus was tempted and did not fail, therefore establishing His authority to represent mankind as Adam did.

b) Jesus cut the covenant with the Father. He was the Lamb, whose shed blood resolved the justice of God in terms of punishment for sin, and God’s righteous outrage over the injustice of sin in mankind, and for the healing of creation.

c) Thru Jesus we are extended the benefits of the New Covenant. IE Jesus became a curse for us, Jesus was beaten for healing, Jesus was perfect, therefore extending perfection to those who are in faith, and forgiveness is extended to mankind thru Jesus. Galatians 3:13

d) The covenant that Jesus initiated is a covenant of forgiveness, and the most grace filled arrangement that God made with people in any time.  e) Jesus established the kingdom of God, and conferred it to the church, and mandated that the church be the vehicle for the extension of His kingdom.

f) The fullness of the kingdom is the second coming of Jesus.

The Revelation of Hope – Revelation 14:9-20 – Week 29 – Rob Covell

The Revelation of Hope

Revelation 14:9-20

Week 29

Rob Covell

Introduction –

In this Session we will continue in the Interlude between the Trumpet and Bowl Judgments, and begin Revelation 14. Revelation 14 is a meta-view of the whole of salvation history from the Apostolic Church of Jerusalem to the Judgment of Jerusalem in AD 70, and the sure demise of the Roman Empire that is symbolized as the embodiment of Babylon. We see this common theme throughout the Revelation of the telling and re-telling the same narrative. Revelation can be outlined as a narrative of 3 sections of 7’s with Interludes in between.

The outline of Revelation 14 is as follows:

The First Fruits of Gospel – The Jerusalem Church – Rev 14:1-5

The Proclamation of the Gospel to the Nations – Rev 14:6-7

The Declaration of the Fall of Babylon (Roman Empire/World Systems) Rev 14:8

The Judgment of those who are Disobedient to the Gospel – Rev 14:9-12

The Encouragement and Promise of Rest to the Saints – Rev 14:13

The Reaping of the Land for Judgment – Rev 14:14-20

Revelation 14:9-11

a) In verse 9 we continue in the progressive angelic announcements that declare the power and might of the gospel, the decree of the fall of Babylon and this third angel decrees the eternal punishment of those who choose to worship the beast. We will need to look back at Revelation 13, for the context of the mark of the beast mentioned in verse 9.

b) In First Century the marketplace was called the Agora. This as a place where all the services, shopping, banking, legal matters, buying and selling was conducted. At the entrance of the Agora, there was an image of the Roman Emperor, who at this time was Nero. To enter the Agora, one needed to offer a sacrifice, or tribute to the Roman Emperor to enter. To distinguish that one offered worship, he received a mark of ashes on the right hand or the forehead to be allowed into the Agora to buy or sell.

c) In the previous studies we learned the identity of the generic beast and the specific beast. The generic beast being the Roman Empire and the specific beast being Nero, who is the number of a man, 666.

d) Drinking the wine of the wrath of God is poetic language that describes the effects of being drunk with deception, rebellion and spiritual blindness that is present in all who choose to reject grace.

e) Notice that the mark of beast is contrasted to the redeemed who have the name of the Father and the Lamb written on their foreheads. The symbolism speaks of our identities and who we belong to. Romans 8:6-8

f) Being tormented with burning sulfur is spiritual symbolism that describes the eternal judgment of the enemies of the gospel. The symbolism comes from Genesis 19 in the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah. The Middle East has large deposits of this mineral along the shoreline of the Dead Sea and can burst into flames when gasses in the earth are released by earthquakes. This symbolism is used throughout the OT to speak of the judgment of God. See Isaiah 34:9-10.

g) Being tormented in the presence of the angels and the Lamb teach us the reality of the eternal regret of those who reject Jesus Christ as Messiah. Those that are tormented are not literally present before Jesus and the angels, because the Redeemed are before the Godhead. Being tormented in the presence of the angels and the Lamb is the reality of regret always present to the one being tormented. The Greek word for torment is BASANIZO – to test metals by the touchstone, which is a black siliceous stone that is used to test the purity of gold or silver. The word is also used as a metaphor for being tested and found wanting, or being tormented by the knowledge of failure. Lastly the word is used of physical torture.

h) The last contrast we see is in verse 11. The worshippers of the beast have no eternal rest, while the worshippers of the Lamb have eternal rest. The reality of hell is one of no rest, and the torment of the mind in total regret with no way to cover shame, or receive forgiveness.

Revelation 14:12-13

a) John highlights to us the seriousness of Christian perseverance and losing faith in any season of our lives. The Early Church needed this exhortation due to the pressure of persecution and the temptation to abandon Jesus. See Romans 5:3-4, Hebrews 12:1, and James 1:3-4

b) Blessed are the dead in Christ – At the resurrection of Jesus the righteous dead were rescued from Abraham’s Bosom (Luke 16:19-31) and brought into the presence of God. Death in the NT is always described as the body being asleep, waiting for resurrection, and the soul/spirit of a person being present with God. See 1 Corinthians 15, 1 Thessalonians 4:13-19 and Colossians 2:5 Philippians 1:20-24

c) We are promised rest when we depart from the body. Revelation 21:3-4

d) St Athanasius said: “All the Disciples of Christ despise death; they take the offensive against it and, instead of fearing it, by the sign of the cross and by faith in Christ trample on it as on something dead. Before the divine sojourn of the Savior even the holiest of men were afraid of death, and mourned the dead as those who perish. But now that the Savior has raised His body, death is no longer terrible, but all those who believe in Christ tread it underfoot as nothing, and prefer to die rather than to deny their faith in Christ, knowing full well that when they die they do not perish, but live indeed, and become incorruptible through the resurrection.

e) St Ignatius, Bishop of Antioch, who was torn by wild beasts in Rome in AD 107 said: “From Syria even unto Rome I fight with wild beasts, by land and sea, by night and day, being bound amidst ten leopards, even a company of soldiers, who only wax worse when they are kindly treated. Howbeit through their wrongdoings I become more completely a disciple”.

f) 1 Corinthians 15:32 – Paul testifies that he survived the beasts in the Coliseum of Ephesus.

Revelation 14:14-16

a) Here we see Jesus described again as “a son of man”. The First Century reader or hearer would be drawn to thoughts of Daniel 7:13.

b) Jesus is described as having a gold crown, which speaks of His authority to rule and have dominion, His purity and His wealth as King of Kings.

c) The sharp sickle in His hand – The Greek word that is used here is for a tool that vinedressers or those that prune trees use. Jesus is being described as the One who will punish Jerusalem for rejecting Him as true Messianic King.

d) The word for earth here in this section is GE, which describes a localized area, specifically the Land of Judea.

e) This is not a harvest unto salvation, but a harvest of judgment. Jesus said in Matthew 26:64 that the Sanhedrin would see Him come on the clouds with power. Jesus used a common metaphor for the judgment of God when He said this. That is why the High Priest tore his clothes and accused Jesus of blasphemy. Jesus equated Himself as being God. Later in Matthew 27:25 the non-believing Jews confirmed their rejection of Jesus by saying “let his blood be on us and our children”. This is a chilling declaration as the blood of Jesus is the power to save or condemn.

f) In AD 67-70 the Land was ripe for harvest as God used the Roman Army to destroy the Land and the Temple.

Revelation 14:17-18

a) Again we see the angelic order having a ministry in decreeing God’s decisions, aiding in ministry to the Godhead and helping the saints. In this case we see decree and ministry to God. It is interesting to note that there is an angel assigned to keeping the fire burning on the altar before the throne.

b) In the OT priests kept the fire burning on the altar in the Temple, today believers have the eternal flame of the Spirit on the altars of our hearts, and in heaven the angelic realm tends the true Temple of God. Revelation is a beautiful prophetic vision that truthfully describes the unseen spiritual realms and the eternal dwelling of God in heaven (OURANOS).

Revelation 14:19-20

a) The Vineyard is a metaphor for Israel in the OT. See Isaiah 5:1-7 – What we are seeing in these verses is the symbolic language for the total destruction of the land that abandoned their Messiah.

b) 1600 stadia – is the length of the Land of Judea – It is easy to miss this detail, as not only it describes the vast amount of bloodshed in the Land by the Roman Army, but it gives us the actual dimension of the Land from top to bottom. Vespasian and Titus shed blood from the North to the South, and in Jerusalem alone, the siege cost 1.1 Million lives.

c) Outside the City – the city is Jerusalem – Hebrews 13:11-14 describes for us the spiritual symbolism of Jesus our sacrificial Lamb suffering outside the city in His body, and the Church of Jesus offering the sacrifice of praise “outside the city” of the Old Covenant system of worship.

d) In AD 33 Jesus suffered outside the City and in AD 70 the Vine of Israel is cut down, trampled in the winepress of God’s judgment and the Old Covenant was destroyed forever.

e) We can be sure that the future does not hold mass bloodshed for the planet earth, but an ever increasing Kingdom of God until the return of Jesus Christ.

Source Material:  Don Walker – The Beast of Revelation White Paper  Josephus.org David Chilton – Days of Vengeance  The Apocalypse Code – Hank Hanegraaff   G. Davis Dean – The Revelation of Jesus Christ  Blue Letter Bible.com  Preterist Archive.com Charles Taylor – Commentary on the Book of Revelation  George Eldon Ladd – Commentary on the Book of Revelation George Eldon Ladd – The Gospel of the Kingdom Loraine Boettner – The Millenium  Harold Eberle – Victorious Eschatology  Holman Bible Dictionary  Strongs Concordance  NIV – Interlinear Greek New Testament-  NASB – Interlinear Greek New Testament  Jonathan Welton – Raptureless  George Peter Holford – The Destruction of Jerusalem  Wikipedia  Rapture Fever – Gary North  The Prophets Dictionary – Price  Vines Expository Bible Dictionary