IN VIA – 1 John 4:1-12 – Week 7 – Rob Covell

In Via

1 John 4:1-12

Week 7

Rob Covell


In this session, we will begin 1 John chapter 4 and continue the deep theme of how to fellowship with a God who is love. John continues to direct the attention of his spiritual children to the truth that Jesus Christ is the fullest expression of the love in God toward humanity. In Jesus, we see the love of God in action and we see the clearest expression of His nature and character in the things that He said and did.
We see the following movements in 1 John 4:1-12.

1 – How to recognize the antichrist spirit that operates in false teachers/prophets

2 – The realization of the authority of the believer in Jesus Christ and the authority of the Apostles teaching

3 – Love is the proof of our faith

4 – The fullness of the love of the Father being expressed to us in the Son, Jesus.

1 John 4:1

a) Dear friends – It would be appropriate to point out that the phrase “dear friends in the Greek is actually more correctly translated as “beloved, objects of love”. Greek – AGAPĒTOS – beloved, esteemed, dear, favorite, worthy of love.

b) John writes verse 1 in the context of the false prophet Cerinthus in Ephesus who was the leading Gnostic false teacher/prophet that was attacking the Church and the doctrine of John and the other Apostles. We discussed the doctrines of Cerinthus in earlier sessions. His heresy was that Jesus was not fully Man and fully God. His heresy followed the Greek Platonic philosophical concept that the flesh was totally corrupt and the spirit was totally pure. This type of paradox allowed for immorality to be accepted because it was flesh. Cerinthus also taught that Jesus birth was not a supernatural event, and that Jesus became Christ at His baptism. Cerinthus denied Jesus being Immanuel/God in the flesh, from the beginning. The theological themes of 1 John are distinctly directed at the heresy of Cerinthus. John is quoted by Irenaeus saying, “”Let us flee, lest the building fall down; for Cerinthus, the enemy of the truth, is inside!”, when John learned that Cerinthus was in the same building.

c) Indeed, there were many false prophets who attacked Christianity in the apostolic age. The earliest attacks came from the Judaizers mentioned in Galatians, Philippians 3:2, Acts 15, and Revelation 2:9. There were also many false messianic figures that came immediately after Jesus, the most notable would have been John Levi, the leader of the Zealots faction in Jerusalem. See Matthew 24:23-24. However, in this context John was keeping the Church in the Roman Province of Asia safe from the Gnostic movement.

d) We should never assume that every spiritual experience or prophetic utterance originates from God. 1 Corinthians 14:26-33 gives us instruction on how to discern public prophecies and 1 Corinthians 12:10 teaches us that there is the spiritual gift of distinguishing between spirits. Having said this, we should never prohibit spiritual experiences, but test them on the basis of Scripture, and the fruit that they produce. Cultivating a deep relationship with the Holy Spirit will keep us from error because He is the Spirit of Truth, our Helper, our Counselor, and our Advocate.

1 John 4:2-3

a) The Holy Spirit and Holy Angels will always communicate truth about Jesus. The Orthodoxy of the Christian faith is founded on truth about Jesus that cannot be moved, changed or amended. The whole Body of Christ, the Universal Church of Jesus Christ is unified around the truth of the Person of Jesus Christ. Our declaration of faith, the Nicene Creed, is the guiding statement of faith for the millennia of the Church age.

b) 1 John 4:3 is the third mention of antichrist in the Scriptures. There are only 4 mentions in the Scriptures of antichrist; 1 John 2:18, 1 John 2:22, 1 John 4:3, and 2 John 1:7. If we look at the occasion and context of these mentions of antichrist, we can see clearly that it is directed specifically towards the Gnostics and towards all false teachers/prophets throughout the Church Age. Notice that John says that the spirit of antichrist was already present and influencing the world when he wrote this Epistle. Every generation of Christians battles the spirit of antichrist and overcomes false doctrines, false teachers and false prophets with the Scriptures. It is also important to note that the very definitions of antichrist as defined by the context of their use in 1 John and 2 John, prevent antichrist from being a future eschatological figure.

1 John 4:4-5

a) The Epistle of 1 John reveals the loving heart of this Apostle because we see over and over the use of terms of endearment and love being directed towards God’s people. Children – Greek – TEKNION – a little child – John equates his love for his spiritual children as the same love for parents have for their little children who are under their protective love. Good spiritual fathers and mothers operate in this same heart of love for their spiritual sons and daughters.

b) Every son or daughter of the Living God already stands in the place of victory over false teaching, deceptive spirits, and satanic spiritual attacks. The Greek word for greater used here in the text is “MEGAS”, where we derive our word “mega”. We stand in overwhelming victory and authority over any spiritual force that seeks to attack us.

c) He who is in you – Jesus said in John 14:17- the Spirit of truth. The world cannot accept him, because it neither sees him nor knows him. But you know him, for he lives with you and will be in you.

d) John contrasts the viewpoint of the world versus the wisdom of God that indwells the believer for us in verse 5. See 1 Corinthians 2:12-14.

1 John 4:6

a) The “us” that John is referencing are the collective of Apostolic Fathers like Paul, Peter, Thomas, Matthew, Philip, James and others who were eye witnesses of Jesus Christ. At this time, the first generation of Apostles was being passed on to the second generation of believers. John was plainly telling this next generation that anything that is contrary to their teaching about Jesus Christ is not from God.

b) Today the voice of the first generation of the Apostolic Fathers lives in the words of Scripture. See 2 Peter 1:20-21 & 2 Peter 3:15-16.

1 John 4:7-8

a) The Greek text actually reads: “agapētos agapaō allēlōn allēlōn agapē” – A more correct translation would read. “objects of love, love one another, like God loves”.

b) Everyone who loves – The people of God re-image Him when the core value of our life flows from love.

c) An evidence of our faith is the ability to love as it proves that we know Him. Children reflect their parent’s nature and character.

1 John 4:9-11

a) John carries this theme over from a very similar saying in John 3:16. The Father giving us the Son to be the sacrifice for sin is overwhelming proof of the passionate love God has for humanity.

b) In Jesus Christ, we see a perfect representation of the Father’s nature and character. See Colossians 2:9.

c) The love that we experience in the Man, Jesus Christ compels us to love others.

1 John 4:12

a) No one has ever seen God – However, we have multiple theophanies in Scripture, manifestations of God like the burning bush, manifestations of God on the throne in Revelation, and representations of the Holy Spirit in a dove and the seven lamps in Revelation. What John is saying, is that the Godhead is only comprehensible in the limited revelation that only He has shown us in Scripture. Jesus said that God is Spirit, so we must understand that God is incomprehensible, invisible and transcendent to our reality and that God is known to us by the experiential love we share with Him.

b) The mystery of God is made manifest in humanity by His love being present and demonstratively expressed through us.


IN VIA – 1 John:11-24 – Week 6 – Rob Covell

In Via

1 John 3:11-24

Week 6

Rob Covell

Introduction: In this Session, we will complete 1 John 3 and move into 1 John 4 and continue the theme how to fellowship with a God who is love. The Epistle of 1 John has 4 movements in the text.
1 – How to fellowship with God

2 – How to fellowship with a God who is Light

3 – How to fellowship with a God who is Love

4 – How to fellowship with a God who is Life

As we continue in the third movement of the text, John shifts from the revelation/declaration that God is love, then moves into explaining our response to His love, and in this Session as we conclude 1 John 3, we will learn how love should manifest in our lives and benefit those in our orbit. Lastly, we begin hear John repeat the things that Jesus taught and said. These things remind of the deep relationship that John the Beloved shared with Jesus.

1 John 3:11

a) The love of God is from the beginning. God created all things in love. He sustains all things by His love, and redeems all things by His love.

b) John continually reminds us of the highest expression of the Christian faith, which is love. Love – Greek – AGAPĒ – affection, good will, love, benevolence, love that seeks the best for the one that is the object of that love. – The definitions of the Greek word for love in the text, teach us of the unconditional and extravagant love God has for His children, and the extravagant love that should be present in our own lives. See John 13:34-35.

c) In verse 11 John begins to build a contrast between the love of God and the world so that we might be able to discern the conditions of our hearts in the light of the love of God.

1 John 3:12

a) John uses Cain as the example for what the full manifestation of what hate looks in one’s life. Jesus made a similar contrast in John 8:42-44.

b) Cain – Genesis 4 – Cain belonged to the evil one because he agreed with the devil’s value system of hate. Cain knew God and knew His voice, but he was offended at God because God looked with favor on his brother’s offering and not his. Abel knew how to approach God and Cain did not. In addition to this Cain did not repent when God engaged him and made a way for Cain to get right. Abel approached with a sacrifice of blood, Cain approached God with that which came from the earth.

c) Cain failed in love – 1 – Cain knew God, but chose not to love God. The expression of true love always originates with the knowledge of God. 2 – Cain
failed in love because he chose rebellion against God when God asked Cain to turn his heart to Him. 3 – Cain chose offense and anger (Genesis 4:5). 4 – Cain’s rebellion made him downcast – Hebrew – PANIYM NAPHAL – for one’s face to fall, or fall to death, to fall down, metaphor – depression. Living in a way that does not love and honor God will never manifest enduring joy. 5 – The condition of Cain’s heart ultimately manifested into the act of murder. 6 – Cain tried to hide his sin from God when God convicted his heart.

1 John 3:13

a) John repeats what he heard from Jesus in John 15:19 – “If you belonged to the world, it would love you as its own. As it is, you do not belong to the world, but I have chosen you out of the world. That is why the world hates you”. We should expect a clash of dominions as we manifest the love of God in our lives. This should not surprise us. But we should be shocked and surprised when Christians manifest the value system of world, which in its fullness is hate.

1 John 3:14

a) The assurance of faith is the expression of love being present in our lives. Love for God is primary evidence that we have been born again by faith in the atoning work of Jesus on the cross. Love for God extends into love for people because they are made in His image. b) Passed from death to life – Holding on to bitterness, anger, and offense, will always manifest death in our lives. John is speaking in spiritual terms in this context; however, spiritual realities always play out in life long term. See Galatians 5:19-21.

1 John 3:15

a) John having been an eyewitness and the closest disciple to Jesus, repeats Jesus teaching in the Sermon on the Mount. Matthew 5:21-22 – “You have heard that it was said to the people long ago, ‘You shall not murder, and anyone who murders will be subject to judgment.’ But I tell you that anyone who is angry with a brother or sister will be subject to judgment. Again, anyone who says to a brother or sister, ‘Raca,’ is answerable to the court. And anyone who says, ‘You fool!’ will be in danger of the fire of hell. – Murder is a condition of the heart, and the act of murder flows from the condition of the heart.

b) Partnering with death, is partnering with the value system of satan. Matthew 12:34 – For the mouth speaks from the overflow of the heart.

c) The context and occasion of this Epistle, is John combating the Gnostic heresy/false teaching of Cerinthus. We can say that false doctrines that lead us away from the truth of Jesus Christ are a manifestation of hate towards brothers and sisters because it does not lead them to love God in increasing measure, and ultimately manifests in spiritual death.

1 John 3:16-18

a) The love that Jesus demonstrated through His life was one of selfless love and was other oriented. This verse challenges our independent culture and exhorts
us towards fellowship with one another. When Christians leave the fellowship of the Church, they leave the opportunity to love others and to be loved by others.

b) Just as hate begins in the heart and manifests as death in our lives, then love for God manifests in our lives as love for people.

c) Generosity agrees with God, because the Lord is giver and not a taker. Faith compels us to action, and what we believe to be true guides the way and course of our lives. See James 2:14-17.

1 John 3:19-22

a) In verse 19, we see that another assurance of faith is being aware of the posture of our hearts when we are in God’s presence. If we feel condemnation in our hearts, then we are either not reconciled to Him, or we are believing a lie about His heart towards us.

b) Every son and daughter of God should have confidence in the presence of the Lord because we have been brought close to Him by the blood of Jesus. Romans 8:1- Therefore, there is now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus. Having confidence in God’s presence is an indicator that we are living in a way that agrees with Him.

c) Receiving in prayer is empowered by a lifestyle and a heart position of agreement with the Lord. James 5:16 – the prayer of a righteous person is powerful and effective.

1 John 3:23-24

a) The command – Greek – ENTOLĒ – an order, command, charge, precept, injunction, that which is prescribed to one by reason of his office. – The command is to believe and to love one another. To believe is more than the intellectual assent of facts about Jesus, to believe in Jesus is expressed in trusting, revering, and loving Jesus in the everyday. To love one another flows from knowing the love of Jesus Christ in our lives. John is re-stating Jesus words in Luke 10:27 – He answered, “‘Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength and with all your mind’; and, ‘Love your neighbor as yourself.’”

b) The one who keeps – Greek – TĒREŌ – to attend to carefully, take care of, metaphor – to keep, one in the state in which he is. To live in God, or to dwell/remain in Him, is to live a life lifestyle that agrees with Him.

c) The witness of living our lives in God, is the presence of the Holy Spirit in our lives. Romans 8:15 – The Spirit you received does not make you slaves, so that you live in fear again; rather, the Spirit you received brought about your adoption to sonship. And by him we cry, “Abba, Father.”

IN VIA – 1 John 3:1-10 – Week 5 – Rob Covell

In Via

1 John 3:1-10

Week 5

Rob Covell

Introduction: In this Session, we will begin 1 John 3, and we will start the second theme in this Epistle, which is how to fellowship with a God who is love. Love originates with God and is extended to us in the Person of Jesus Christ. When we see Jesus, we behold the love of God in its perfect expression. John begins the theme of how to fellowship with a God who is love, by starting with God’s grace as expressed to us by being His children. Every child reflects their parent’s values, so it is fitting that 1 John 3:1-10, define what the life of a child of God looks like.

John contrasts the what the life of true disciples of love looks like versus the lifestyles of those whose live by the values of world. John emphasizes this because of the Gnostic heresy of Cerinthus in Ephesus. The Gnostics taught against the virgin birth of Jesus, against the truth that Jesus, the Son came in the flesh, and taught that an immoral lifestyle was acceptable because the soul/spirit of man was pure and body/flesh was corrupt. Therefore, one could live as one wished and still be redeemed by Christ. Nothing could be farther from the truth. Disciples of Jesus Christ, possess the power to live contrary to the fallen nature and have the power to partner with God every day and live a life that pleases Him. 1 John was written to the Ephesian Church and to all believers in Jesus Christ, so that we might know how to fellowship with a holy, pure and awesome God.

1 John 3:1

a) John points us to the power of identity in the life of the believer. As John develops strong exhortations to the Church, he seasons his strong corrections with encouragement and love. Mature fathers and mothers in the faith, always season their corrections with love and identity.

b) The Father has lavished love on each one of us. Greek – Lavished – DIDŌMI – of one’s own accord to give one something, to his advantage – It is implied in the Greek word, that the Father freely gave us His love, to our advantage and benefit.

c) Love – Greek – AGAPĒ – affection, good will, love, benevolence, love that seeks the best for the one that is the object of that love. – The definitions of the Greek words teach us that the Father gave unconditional love and identity to us as His children when we accepted Jesus as our New Covenant Bridegroom/Covenant Partner.

d) Children – Greek – TEKNON – the name transferred to that intimate and reciprocal relationship formed between men by the bonds of love, friendship, trust, just as between parents and children, of anything who depends upon it, is possessed by a desire or affection for it.

e) The children of God perplex the world because we live, breathe, and walk in a way that agrees with our heavenly Father. Our value system reflects His value
system. Romans 8:16 – The Spirit himself testifies with our spirit that we are God’s children. – The Holy Spirit confirms by revelation that we belong to the Father.

1 John 3:2

a) John continues to encourage His spiritual children and us, by continuing to use titles of affection and love. We can hear his heart for his beloved community in Ephesus, and see their reciprocal love in the text.

b) John tells us plainly concerning our position in the Father as His children. John is solidifying identity because powerful Cristian living flows out of identity and the experiential love of God, and not the religious striving of law keeping.

c) The fullness of our destiny as children of God is to be revealed at the second coming of Jesus Christ. Now we do not re-image the fullness of Christ now, but in the eternal order we will be completely conformed to the image of Jesus Christ. Romans 8:29 – For those God foreknew he also predestined to be conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brothers and sisters.

d) We shall see Him as He is – It is a high thought to consider that eternal life comes with the promise of unhindered, unrestricted access and revelation of the glory of Jesus Christ. 1 Corinthians 13:12-13 -For now we see only a reflection as in a mirror; then we shall see face to face. Now I know in part; then I shall know fully, even as I am fully known. And now these three remain: faith, hope and love. But the greatest of these is love.

1 John 3:3

a) Living from identity and living with a focus on eternity causes us to make changes in our lives that agree with God. Colossians 3:1-2 – Since, then, you have been raised with Christ, set your hearts on things above, where Christ is, seated at the right hand of God. Set your minds on things above, not on earthly things.

b) Greek – purify – HAGNIZŌ – to purify, to morally cleanse.

c) To relate to God, who is love, is expressed in moral purity, because moral purity does harm those around us.

1 John 3:4-5

a) The expression of sin in the lives of people break God’s Law, because sin is the antithesis of God’s nature and character. 1 John 1:5 – God is light; in Him there is no darkness at all. Lawlessness is living without boundaries. This is not freedom. True freedom is the power to make moral decisions, choose righteousness, and not be controlled by anything. Godly freedom chooses that which agrees with God.

b) John does leave us without hope. The grace of God in the Person of Jesus Christ, removes our sin and the expression of it from our lives. The cross of Jesus Christ is our door to forgiveness, healing, and renewal. 2 Corinthians 5:21 – God made him who had no sin to be sin for us, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God.

1 John 3:6

a) John gives us a baseline by which we can use to discern our spiritual condition. A disciple of Jesus Christ cannot live a lifestyle of agreement with sin. If we have been living in a lifestyle that agrees more with darkness than light, we are not living in Christ.

b) John says, that this condition neither has seen God, or knows God. This is not the demand of perfection, but the demand in the Word of God, that our lifestyles are characterized by living in a way that pleases God and agrees with His heart.

1 John 3:7

a) John continues to encourage us his hearers and us in our identities as the spiritual children of the apostles, but also as children of God. For truth to have transforming power, it must always be seasoned with grace.

b) John is addressing the heresy of Cerinthus and Gnosticism, which taught that the spirit was perfect and the flesh was corrupt. The Gnosticism that John was combating did not teach a sanctified new life in Jesus, but allowed for a hedonistic and libertine lifestyle of pleasure and sins of the flesh. John plainly says, that people who teach grace with no power of transformation are deceivers.

c) We do right, or we are characterized by right living, because God is righteous. Greek – Righteous – DIKAIOS – used of him whose way of thinking, feeling, and acting is wholly conformed to the will of God, and who therefore needs no rectification in the heart or life.

1 John 3:8

a) Our lifestyles communicate our allegiance.

b) Jesus destroys the work of the devil. The Father gave Jesus so that He may crush the head of the serpent and destroy the serpent’s works. Consider the works of satan; sin, death, destruction, sickness, corruption, etc. Jesus is the answer for everything that does not align with Kingdom realities in our lives.

1 John 3:9

a) Disciples of Jesus do not carry the appetite for habitual sin. John uses very similar words that Jesus used in John 3:5-8, that “you must be born again”. To be born again, means that the seed of God has been planted in our hearts. Greek – Seed – SPERMA – the seed i.e. the grain or kernel which contains within itself the germ of the future plants, metaphor: of divine energy of the Holy Spirit operating within the soul by which we are regenerated.

b) John continues to lay out truth to his spiritual children to protect them from the deception of the Gnostic heresy in Ephesus.

1 John 3:10

a) John tells his spiritual children plainly that a life that is in Christ is marked with a value system that reflects/re-images their Lord and Savior Jesus.

b) Romans 13:10 – Love does no harm to a neighbor. Therefore love is the fulfillment of the law. – As we relate to a God who is love, there is no room to hate those made in His image.

IN VIA – 1 John 2:20-29 – Week 4 – Rob Covell

In Via

1 John 2:20-29

Week 4

Rob Covell

Introduction: In this Session, we will complete 1 John 2, and complete the portion of 1 John that teaches the children of God, how to fellowship with a God who is Light. The outline of this Epistle follows these movements:

1 – Our Fellowship with God – 1 John 1:1-4

2 – How to Fellowship with God who is Light – 1 John 1:5 to 1 John 2:29

3 – How to Fellowship with God who is Love – 1 John 3:1 to 1 John 4:21

4 – How to Fellowship with God who is Life – 1 John 5:1-21

In 1 John 2:20-29, John exhorts the Church of Jesus Christ in the following movements:

1 – The continued definition and explanation of antichrist

2 – The contrast between truth that comes from the Holy Spirit, versus lies of false teachers.

3 – How to remain in Christ, who is Light

4 – How to be confident in His presence

5 – How to determine we are really in Christ Jesus

1 John 2:20

a) In verse 20, John contrasts those who agree with and are under the influence of the antichrist spirit of false teaching versus those who are in Christ and possess the anointing of the Holy Spirit. Greek – anointing – CHRISMA – anything smeared on, unguent, ointment, usually prepared by the Hebrews from oil and aromatic herbs. Anointing was the inaugural ceremony for priests.

b) John comforts his hearers and us, because the anointing from the Holy One is common to all believers. The Holy Spirit will always lead us into truth. John 16:13 – But when he, the Spirit of truth, comes, he will guide you into all the truth. He will not speak on his own; he will speak only what he hears, and he will tell you what is yet to come.

c) We should note that the Greek word OIDA is used here in verse 20, which means to know about something or to be informed, or have a definitive knowledge of something. As opposed to the Greek word GNOSIS, which means to know by experiential knowledge.

d) We must remember that in the context of these verses, John is addressing the Gnostic Heresy of Cerinthus, who in these verses John describes as one who was operating in the antichrist spirit of false teaching about the identity of Jesus Christ.

e) From our last Session, we learned that the reference to antichrist is only mentioned 4 times in Scripture; 1 John 2:18, 1 John 2:22, 1 John 4:3, 2 John1:7.

1 John 2:21

a) One of purposes that John writes to the Church in Ephesus, is to reaffirm and strengthen them in truth that they already possess, which came from the apostles.

b) No lie comes from the truth. In the same way that God is Light, truth is light because truth reflects God’s nature and character. Lies imply deception, which is a partner to satan because that is his operating system. If we consider the context of these verses, John is exhorting the believers not to move away from anything that is different from that which they received from the Apostles. In our context, this would be the totality of that which is written in the New Testament to be that which reveals Apostolic truth to us.

1 John 2:22-23

a) From our earlier references to antichrist, we see that antichrist is defined in Scripture as follows: 1 John 1:18 – antichrist comes out from the Church, 1 John 2:22 – antichrist denies that Jesus is Messiah, 1 John 4:3 – antichrist is a demonic spirit that denies Jesus came in the flesh, and 2 John 1:7 – antichrist is a deceiver/false teacher that teaches that Jesus did not come in the flesh. In the context of the Gnostic heresy of Cerinthus that invaded the Early Church in Asia, all these verses speak to that subject and warn true believers to rely on the Holy Spirit and the Gospel they received from their Apostolic Fathers, Paul, John, Peter, Priscilla, Aquila, Apollos and Timothy.

b) To deny Jesus is to deny the Father. See John 12:44-45 & John 13:20 – The Greek word to “have” – ECHŌ – to have, to hold, to possess, used of those joined to any one by the bonds of natural blood or marriage or friendship or duty or law etc., of attendance or companionship.

c) If the one we are worshipping is not perfectly revealed in the Son, then we are worshipping a false god.

1 John 2:24-25

a) John continues to warn and encourage his children of faith and gives them and us the way to remain in Jesus and receive eternal life. To “remain in that which you have heard from the beginning” in the context of John’s Epistle would be for them to not stray from the Apostolic teaching of truth about Jesus Christ. In our context, it would be to remain in the safety of New Testament Scripture. New Testament Scripture is the on-ramp to encountering the Lord as the Holy Spirit breathes on it, when we give ourselves to the truth in the Word of God. Knowing is not simply understanding the facts, but living the Word. One cannot remain by intellectual understanding only, but by exercising it.

b) Greek – Remain/Abide – MENŌ – to remain, abide, to tarry, to be held, kept, continually, to remain as one, not to become another or different. This is the same word that is used in John 15, where Jesus says, “remain in me”.

c) Eternal life is a life that begins in Christ, right now, and extends for eternity. Eternal life is the same life that God possess, and gives to us in the Son, Jesus Christ.

1 John 2:26-27

a) Verse 26 continues to frame the context of John’s warning and encouragement in this Epistle, which is to guard the Church from deceivers and false teachers. John loved his children in the faith so much, he wanted to safeguard them. Good spiritual fathers and mothers are always concerned that their spiritual children are in truth. Verse 26 is direct reference to the influence of Cerinthus.

b) It is comforting and encouraging to know that as we remain in Jesus, the anointing, the Holy Spirit, remains/abides in us and this anointing enables us to live in truth.

c) You do not need anyone to teach you – John describes the truth that the Holy Spirit that is given to all Christians, will empower them with the ability to know the truth. This verse does not deny the office of Teachers as referenced in Ephesians 4:11-13, but that Teachers of the Word are a resource for knowing the truth because they remind the Beloved of the truth in the Scriptures.

1 John 2:28

a) Notice John’s continual use of terms of endearment that communicate his love for them. John seasons his strong exhortations to the Church in love, because strong warnings and exhortations without love release discouragement and condemnation.

b) John reminds his hearers and us, that as believers we can be confident when we meet Christ or ashamed when we meet Him, either at His coming or our departing from this life into eternal life.

c) For us to be confident at His appearing is to be living a lifestyle of remaining in Christ. Ephesians 3:16-17 – I pray that out of his glorious riches he may strengthen you with power through his Spirit in your inner being, so that Christ may dwell in your hearts through faith.

d) Paul describes the ashamed who meet Christ at His revealing in 1 Corinthians 3:15 – If it is burned up, the builder will suffer loss but yet will be saved—even though only as one escaping through the flames.

1 John 2:29

a) John tells his Beloved, that the baseline for knowing that we are remaining in Christ is to live and practice righteousness.

b) Greek -Righteous – DIKAIOS – righteous, observing divine laws, in a wide sense, upright, righteous, virtuous, keeping the commands of God, used of him whose way of thinking, feeling, and acting is wholly conformed to the will of God, and who therefore needs no rectification in the heart or life (the type of righteous only Christ possess).

c) Children re-image their parents’ values system. God cannot have children that are void of His image, or do not resemble Him in their lifepaths.